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Table of Contents    
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM10-K
 
    ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023
OR
    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File number 1-9273
https://cdn.kscope.io/7f4592f0e1c33c132a2cee3737ac9218-image0a03.jpg

PILGRIM’S PRIDE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware75-1285071
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1770 Promontory Circle80634-9038
GreeleyCO
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (970506-8000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per sharePPCThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  x No  o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes  o No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated FilerxAccelerated Filer o
Non-accelerated Filer
o 
Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. 
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.o
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b). o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes     No  x
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.01 par value, held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 25, 2023 was $853,768,552. The number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding as of February 27, 2024 was 236,790,798.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE


Table of Contents    
Portions of the Company’s Proxy Statement for the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this annual report.


Table of Contents    
PILGRIM’S PRIDE CORPORATION
FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART IPage
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 1C.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 9C.
PART III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
PART IV
Item 15.
Item 16.
i

Table of Contents    
PART I
Forward Looking Statements and Explanatory Note
This annual report contains, and management may make, certain “forward-looking statements” as defined under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements of our intentions, beliefs, expectations or predictions for the future, denoted by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “plan,” “project,” “imply,” “intend,” “should,” “foresee” and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements that reflect our current views about future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties. Such risks and uncertainties include those described under “Risk Factors” below and elsewhere in this annual report. Actual results could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied or projected by these forward-looking statements as a result of these risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and beyond our control. The Company’s forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report or as of the date they are made, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update its forward-looking statements. The risks described in this annual report are not the only risks we face, and additional risks and uncertainties may impair our business operations. The occurrence of any one or more of the factors described herein or other currently unknown factors could materially adversely affect our business and operating results.
Item 1. Business
Company Overview
Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation (referred to herein as “Pilgrim’s,” “PPC,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” “our,” or similar terms) is primarily engaged in the production, processing, marketing and distribution of fresh, frozen and value-added chicken and pork products to retailers, distributors and foodservice operators. JBS S.A., through its indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries (together, “JBS”), beneficially owns 82.54% of our outstanding common stock.
We market our balanced portfolio of fresh, prepared and value-added meat products to a diverse set of customers across the U.S., the U.K. and Europe, Mexico and in over 115 other countries. Our sales efforts are largely targeted towards the foodservice industry, principally chain restaurants and food processors, such as Chick-fil-A® and retail customers, including grocery store chains and wholesale clubs, such as Kroger®, Costco®, Publix® and H-E-B® in the U.S., chain restaurants such as McDonald’s® and grocery store chains such as Sainsbury’s®, Tesco® and Waitrose® in the U.K. and Europe, and grocery store chains such as Wal-Mart® in Mexico.
As a vertically integrated company, we are able to control every phase of the production process, which helps us manage food safety and quality, control margins and improve customer service. Our plants are strategically located to ensure that customers timely receive fresh products. With our global network of approximately 4,800 growers, 34 feed mills, 47 hatcheries, 39 processing plants, 30 prepared foods cook plants, 27 distribution centers, ten protein conversion facilities and five pet food plants, we believe we are well-positioned to supply the growing demand for our products.
We operate on the basis of a 52/53-week fiscal year ending on the Sunday falling on or before December 31. Any reference we make to a particular year (for example 2023) in the notes to these Consolidated Financial Statements applies to our fiscal year and not the calendar year. Fiscal year 2023 was a 53-week fiscal year.
Reportable Segments
We operate in three reportable segments: U.S., U.K. and Europe, and Mexico. We produce or purchase for resale chicken products through our operations in the U.S., the U.K. and continental Europe, and Mexico and pork products through our operations in the U.K. We conduct separate operations in the U.S., the U.K., the Republic of Ireland, continental Europe, Puerto Rico and Mexico; however, for geographic reporting purposes, we include Puerto Rico with our U.S. operations. See “Note 20. Reportable Segments” of our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this annual report for additional information.
Products and Markets
Fresh Products Overview. Our fresh products consist of refrigerated whole or cut-up chicken, frozen whole chickens, breast fillets, mini breast fillets and prepackaged case-ready chicken, and in the U.K., primary pork cuts, added value pork and pork ribs. Our case-ready chicken includes various combinations of freshly refrigerated, whole chickens, chicken parts in trays, bags or other consumer packs labeled and priced ready for the retail grocer’s fresh meat counter. Additionally, we are an
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important player in the live chicken market in Mexico. In 2023, our fresh product sales accounted for 80.8%, 20.7%, and 84.3% of our total U.S., U.K. and Europe, and Mexico product sales, respectively.
Prepared Products Overview. Our prepared products include portion-controlled breast fillets, tenderloins and strips, delicatessen products, salads, formed nuggets and patties and bone-in chicken parts. These products are sold either refrigerated or frozen and may be fully cooked, partially cooked or raw. In addition, these products may be breaded and/or marinated. Our prepared products include processed sausages, bacon, slow cooked, smoked meat, gammon joints, ready-to-cook variety of meat products, pre-packed meats, sandwich and deli counter meats, pulled pork balls, meatballs and coated foods. In 2023, our prepared foods products sales accounted for 9.8%, 67.8%, and 10.0% of our total U.S., U.K. and Europe, and Mexico chicken and pork sales, respectively.
Exported Products Overview. Exported products primarily consist of whole chickens and chicken parts sold either refrigerated for distributors in the U.S. or frozen for distribution to export markets and in the U.K., primary pork cuts, hog heads and trotters frozen for distribution to export markets. In 2023, our export product sales accounted for 5.3% and 9.1% of our total U.S. and U.K. and Europe product sales, respectively.
Market Overview. Our foodservice market principally consists of chain restaurants, food processors, broad-line distributors and certain other institutions. Our retail market consists primarily of grocery store chains, wholesale clubs and other retail distributors. Our export market consists primarily of customers who purchase for distribution in the U.S., U.K. and continental Europe, or for export to Mexico, the Middle East, Asia, and other international markets.
Net Sales for Primary Product Lines and Markets
The following table sets forth, for the periods beginning with 2021, net sales attributable to each of our primary product lines and markets served with those products. We based the table on our internal sales reports and their classification of product types.
Years Ended
December 31, 2023December 25, 2022December 26, 2021
(In thousands)
U.S. reportable segment:
Fresh products$8,105,269 $8,624,421 $7,264,448 
Prepared foods978,423 1,107,734 898,614 
Export533,205 552,823 459,371 
Other products410,846 463,372 491,446 
Total U.S. reportable segment10,027,743 10,748,350 9,113,879 
U.K. and Europe reportable segment:
Fresh products1,074,900 908,882 1,151,330 
Prepared foods3,525,359 3,104,347 2,214,180 
Export472,656 712,685 458,588 
Other products130,406 148,824 109,964 
Total U.K. and Europe reportable segment5,203,321 4,874,738 3,934,062 
Mexico reportable segment:
Fresh products1,796,670 1,587,809 1,515,453 
Prepared foods212,651 167,589 128,208 
Other products121,832 89,891 85,856 
Total Mexico reportable segment2,131,153 1,845,289 1,729,517 
Total net sales$17,362,217 $17,468,377 $14,777,458 
Raw Materials
Grains. The Company utilizes various raw materials in its operations, including corn, soybean meal and wheat, along with various other ingredients from which the Company produces its own formulated feeds. In 2023, corn, soybean meal and wheat accounted for approximately 43.9%, 38.1% and 4.1% of our feed costs, respectively. The production of feed ingredients is positively or negatively affected primarily by the global level of supply, demand for feed ingredients, the agricultural policies of the U.S. and foreign governments and weather patterns throughout the world. We attempt to mitigate the impact of price
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volatility on our profitability by decreasing the amount of our products that are sold under longer term fixed-price contracts, broadening our product portfolio and expanding the variety of contracts within our book of business. To also manage this risk, we purchase derivative financial instruments. The Company has long-standing relationships with its sources of grain and other feed ingredients and expects to have an adequate supply for its present needs.
Live chicks. The Company’s chicken operations purchase one-day old chicks from a few major breeders. These chicks, when mature, serve as the grandparent and parent stock of the broilers that these operations process for consumption. Should breeder stock from its present suppliers not be available for any reason, the Company believes that it could obtain adequate breeder stock from other suppliers in the regions in which it operates.
Live pigs. The Company’s pork operations in the U.K. maintain a pig production base that makes up approximately 34.2% of the total number of pigs processed by the Company each year. Additionally, the Company’s pork operations procure live pigs for slaughter within a few days of purchase from numerous independent farmers throughout the U.K. Live pigs sourced from independent farmers make up approximately 65.8% of the total number of pigs processed by the Company each year. Although we generally expect adequate supply of live pigs in the U.K., there may be periods of imbalance in supply and demand.
Trademarks
We own registered trademarks which are used in connection with our business. The trademarks are important to the overall marketing and branding of our products. All major trademarks in our business are registered. In part, our success can be attributed to the existence and continued protection of these trademarks. As long as the Company continues to use its trademarks, they are renewed indefinitely. Some of the more significant owned or licensed trademarks used by the Company or its affiliates are Pilgrim’s®, Just BARE®, Gold’n Pump®, Gold Kist®, Country Pride®, Pierce Chicken®, Pilgrim’s® Mexico, Savoro, To-Ricos, Del Dia®, Moy Park, O’Kane, Richmond, Fridge Raiders and Denny.
Seasonality
The demand for our chicken products generally is greatest during the spring and summer months and lowest during the winter months. The demand for our pork products generally is higher during the summer and peaks during the winter primarily due to the holiday season.
Key Customers
Our two largest customers, which operate in the U.S., together accounted for approximately 13.2% and 12.8% of our consolidated net sales in 2023 and 2022, respectively. No single customer accounted for ten percent or more of our consolidated net sales in either 2023 or 2022.
Competition
The chicken and pork industries in the U.S., the U.K., continental Europe and Mexico are highly competitive. The competitive factors in our business include price, product quality, product development, brand identification, breadth of product line and customer service. We believe that being a vertically integrated chicken company and having a fully integrated supply chain in the pork business provides us with long-term cost and quality advantages over non-vertically integrated and other processors. We utilize numerous advertising and marketing techniques to develop and strengthen trade and consumer awareness and increase brand loyalty for consumer products. We believe our efforts to achieve and maintain brand awareness and loyalty help to achieve greater price premiums than would otherwise be the case in certain markets and support and expand our product distribution. We actively seek to identify and address consumer preferences by using sophisticated qualitative and quantitative consumer research techniques in key geographic markets to discover and validate new product ideas, packaging designs and methods. Although poultry and pork are relatively inexpensive in comparison with other meats, we compete indirectly with the producers of other meats and fish, since changes in the relative prices of these foods may alter consumer buying patterns.
Regulation and Environmental Matters
The chicken, pork and prepared foods industries are subject to government regulation, particularly in the health, workplace safety and environmental areas, including provisions relating to the discharge of materials into the environment, treatment and disposal of agricultural and food processing wastes, the use and maintenance of refrigeration systems, ammonia-based chillers, noise, odor and dust management, the operation of mechanized processing equipment and other operations, storm water, air emissions, treatment, storage and disposal of wastes, handling of hazardous substances and remediation of contaminated soil, surface water and groundwater, by the Centers for Disease Control, the United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”), the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”), the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and state and local regulatory authorities in the U.S. and by similar
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governmental agencies in the U.K., the Republic of Ireland, continental Europe and Mexico. Our chicken processing facilities in the U.S. are subject to on-site examination, inspection and regulation by the USDA. The FDA inspects the production of our feed mills in the U.S. Our food processing facilities and feed mills in the U.K., continental Europe and Mexico are subject to on-site examination, inspection and regulation by government agencies that perform functions similar to those performed by the USDA and FDA.
The EPA, environmental authorities in the U.K., the Republic of Ireland, continental Europe and Mexico, and/or other U.S. or Mexican state and local authorities may, from time to time, adopt revisions to environmental rules and regulations, and/or changes in the terms and conditions of our environmental permits, with which we must comply. Compliance with existing or new environmental requirements, including more stringent limitations imposed or expected in recently-renewed or soon-to be renewed environmental permits, may require capital expenditures and operating expenses which may be significant.
In the U.K., all poultry farms which exceed a threshold size of 40,000 birds placed are required to carry out activities in compliance with their environmental permits and they must use Best Available Techniques in order to achieve a high level of environmental protection. Our pork sites are independently audited and certified by the British Retail Consortium standard. Many of our pork sites are additionally certified by farm-to-fork traceability schemes including Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Assured, Soil Association, Organic Farmers and Growers and Assured Food Standards.
Human Capital Resources
As of December 31, 2023, we employed over 61,200 persons. Our success is largely dependent on the skills, experience and efforts of our employees. We rely on an adequate number of skilled employees to serve in critical production roles, such as processing workers and operations supervisors. In managing our business, we focus on a number of human capital measures or objectives, which are rooted in our core values and include the following items:
Health and Safety. A core tenet of our Company is the promotion of a safe and healthy working environment. Key examples of our focus and commitment include:
We engage with our team members through the use of safety committees and other safety initiatives to improve the overall safety of the workplace and advance a safety first culture.
We train team members on how to identify physical hazards, conduct focused daily, monthly and annual physical hazard assessments at all facilities, ensure that identified physical hazards are logged and ensure timely remediation.
Leveraging third-party experts, we conduct regular ergonomic assessments, ensure that identified ergonomic issues are logged and ensure timely remediation.
We conduct safety audits of all facilities on an annual basis. These audits include auditing the physical state of the plant, policies, safety culture and our occupational health clinics.
Our efforts in 2023 have resulted in year-over-year reductions in severe injuries and days away restricted or transferred of 25% and 8%, respectively.
Diversity and Inclusion. We believe that promoting diversity and inclusion among our workforce helps to create a trusting and productive workplace. We encourage the management teams at each facility to hire from the local regions in which they are located. In addition:
Our Equal Employment Opportunity Policy (“EEO Policy”) affirms our commitment to employ and support employees of all races, religions, colors, national origins, sexes, sexual orientations, gender identities and ages. Through the EEO Policy, we have been involved in diversity hiring initiatives and partnered with universities with an aim of recruiting from a diverse talent pool.
We track our progress in our efforts to promote diversity and inclusion. For example, in 2023, women comprised 41%, 40% and 37% of our total workforce in the U.S., the U.K. and Europe, and Mexico, respectively, and 70% of our total workforce in the U.S. were minorities.
Our management team members are expected to attend People First leadership training, which includes a model dedicated to training and awareness on diversity and inclusion.
We provide workshops on diversity and inclusion for our employees and we engage in targeted recruitment at 35 of the nation’s largest historically black colleges and universities.
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Retention and Career Development. We are committed to retaining talented employees at both production and management levels by offering competitive compensation and benefits, as well as leadership training and development opportunities.
We strive to provide competitive pay to our team members and reward top performers. Our benefits offerings include a minimum paid time off and paid sick leave for salaried employees, life and disability insurance and Company-matching retirement plans.
We have extensive leadership training programs, such as our Supervisor Development Program, created to help identify and develop production workers into frontline supervisors, the aforementioned People First Program, designed to equip frontline supervisors with the behavioral and technical skills needed to effectively lead their production teams and our Summit Program, designed to improve the skill set of our senior leadership team. We have found that recognizing our employees’ efforts through training for continued advancement strengthens their performance and helps with our goals to achieve business results. Our employees completed over 332,000 training hours during 2023 and over 326,000 training hours during 2022.
Community Support. We are focused on supporting the communities in which we operate and serve.
Hometown Strong Initiative. Hometown Strong, which we launched in 2020, is an initiative to help the communities in which we operate respond to the unexpected challenges on society. We believe the Hometown Strong initiative has provided consequential investment projects and helped communities prepare for unanticipated challenges and build for the future. Since inception, we have committed to Hometown Strong donations of $20 million.
Tomorrow Fund. The Tomorrow Fund, which we launched in 2019, is a scholarship program designed to support the collegiate scholastic pursuits of our employees and their direct dependents. The Tomorrow Fund awards certain employees scholarships to an eligible university of their choice.
Better Futures. Better Futures, which we launched in 2021, is the largest privately funded free community college program in rural America, offering free community college to our team members and their dependents. So far, over 1,634 team members or dependents have signed up and 390 have started their selected academic pathway.
Employee Relations. We respect our team members’ rights of association, including by joining labor unions and collective bargaining. Approximately 35.2% of our workforce are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. For additional information, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors - Our performance depends on favorable labor relations with our employees and our compliance with labor laws. Any deterioration of those relations or increase in labor costs due to our compliance with labor laws could adversely affect our business.”
Available Information
The Company’s website is www.pilgrims.com. The Company makes available, free of charge, through its website, the Company’s annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, directors and officers Forms 3, 4 and 5, and amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing such materials with, or furnishing them to, the SEC. The Company may use its website as a distribution channel of material company information. Financial and other important information regarding the Company is routinely posted on and accessible through the Company’s website at http://ir.pilgrims.com. Information contained on the Company’s website is not included as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this annual report.
Information about our Executive Officers
NameAgeBackground and ExperienceDates
Fabio Sandri52President and Chief Executive OfficerSeptember 2020 to Present
Matthew Galvanoni51Chief Financial OfficerMarch 2021 to Present
Fabio Sandri was named the Chief Executive Officer in September 2020 and previously served as our Chief Financial Officer from June 2011 to March 2021. From April 2010 to June 2011, Mr. Sandri served as the Chief Financial Officer of Estacio Participações, the private post-secondary educational institution in Brazil. From November 2008 until April 2010, he was the Chief Financial Officer of Imbra SA, a provider of dental services based in Sao Paolo, Brazil. Commencing in 2005 through October 2008, he was employed by Braskem S.A., a New York Stock Exchange-listed petrochemical company headquartered in Camaçari, Brazil, first from 2005 to 2007 as its strategy director, then from 2007 until his departure as its corporate controller. He earned his Master’s of Business Administration degree in 2001 from the Wharton School at the
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University of Pennsylvania and a degree in electrical engineering in 1993 from Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo.
Matthew Galvanoni was named the Chief Financial Officer in February 2021, effective March 2021. Prior to his appointment to the Company, Mr. Galvanoni served as Vice President, Finance, of Ingredion Incorporated, a leading global ingredients solution company, since 2016. Mr. Galvanoni joined Ingredion in 2012, serving in the role of Global Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer, where he managed the company’s accounting-related and external financial reporting responsibilities. Mr. Galvanoni started his career at PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP in 1994 and subsequently held several financial leadership positions at Exelon Corporation, where he most recently served as Assistant Corporate Controller. Mr. Galvanoni graduated from the University of Illinois with a Bachelor’s of Accounting degree and later received a Master’s of Business Administration degree from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
The following risk factors should be read carefully in connection with evaluating our business and the forward-looking information contained in this annual report on Form 10-K. Any of the following risks could materially adversely affect our business, operations, industry or financial position or our future financial performance. While we believe we have identified and discussed below all risk factors affecting our business that we believe are material, there may be additional risks and uncertainties that are not presently known or that are not currently believed to be significant that may adversely affect our business, operations, industry, financial position and financial performance in the future.
Business and Operational Risk Factors
Industry cyclicality can affect our earnings, especially due to fluctuations in commodity prices of feed ingredients, chicken and pork.
Profitability in the chicken and pork industries is materially affected by the commodity prices of feed ingredients and the market prices of chicken and pork, which are determined by supply and demand factors. As a result, the chicken and pork industries are subject to cyclical earnings fluctuations.
The price of feed ingredients is positively or negatively affected primarily by the global level of supply and demand for feed ingredients, the agricultural policies of the U.S. and foreign governments and weather patterns throughout the world. In particular, weather patterns often change agricultural conditions in an unpredictable manner. A significant change in weather patterns could affect supplies of feed ingredients, as well as our ability to obtain feed ingredients, grow chickens and pigs or deliver products. Consequently, there can be no assurance that the price of grains will not rise as a result of, among other things, increasing demand for these products around the world and alternative uses of these products, such as ethanol and biodiesel production.
Volatility in feed ingredient prices has had, and may continue to have, a materially adverse effect on our operating results, which has resulted in, and may continue to result in, additional noncash expenses due to impairment of the carrying amounts of certain of our assets. We periodically seek, to the extent available, to enter into advance purchase commitments or financial derivative contracts for the purchase of feed ingredients in an effort to manage our feed ingredient costs. The use of these instruments may not be successful. In addition, we have not designated the derivative financial instruments that we have purchased to mitigate commodity purchase exposures as cash flow hedges. Therefore, we recognize changes in the fair value of these derivative financial instruments immediately in earnings. Unexpected changes in the fair value of these instruments could adversely affect the results of our operations. Although we attempt to mitigate the impact of feed price volatility on our profitability by decreasing the amount of our products that are sold under longer term fixed-price contracts, these changes will not eliminate the impact of changes in feed ingredient prices on our profitability and would prevent us from profiting on such contracts during times of declining market prices for chicken and/or pork.
Outbreaks of livestock diseases in general, and poultry and pig diseases in particular, including avian influenza and African swine fever, can significantly and adversely affect our ability to conduct our operations and the demand for our products.
We take precautions designed to ensure that our flocks and herds are healthy and that our processing plants and other facilities operate in a sanitary and environmentally-sound manner. However, events beyond our control, such as the outbreaks of disease, either in our own flocks and herds or elsewhere, could significantly affect the demand for our products or our ability to conduct our operations. Furthermore, an outbreak of disease could result in governmental restrictions on the import and export of our fresh chicken, fresh pork or other products to or from our suppliers, facilities or customers, or require us to destroy one or more of our flocks or herds. This could also result in the cancellation of orders by our customers and create
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adverse publicity that may have a material adverse effect on our ability to market our products successfully and on our business, reputation and prospects.
There have been recent outbreaks of both high- and low-pathogenic strains of avian influenza in the U.S. and the U.K., and in Mexico outbreaks of both high and low-pathogenic strains of avian influenza are a fairly common occurrence. Historically, the outbreaks of low pathogenic strains of avian influenza have not generated the same level of concern, or received the same level of publicity or been accompanied by the same reduction in demand for poultry products in certain countries as that associated with highly pathogenic strains such as HPAI H5 and H7N3 or highly infectious strains such as H7N9. Even if no further highly pathogenic or highly contagious strains of avian influenza are confirmed in the U.S., the U.K. or Mexico, there can be no assurance that outbreaks of these strains in other countries will not materially adversely affect international demand for poultry produced in our operating countries, and, if any of these strains were to spread to the U.S., the U.K. or Mexico, there can be no assurance that it would not significantly affect our ability to conduct our operations and/or demand for our products, in each case in a manner having a material adverse effect on our business, reputation and/or prospects.
Previous outbreaks of African swine fever in China and its subsequent spread across the world had a significant effect on both the global supply of pork and on pork prices. Given its island status, the U.K. has an element of built-in biosecurity, but there are risks, mainly as a result of human movement of infected meat from the European Union. In the event of an outbreak of African Swine Fever in the U.K., we believe the Company’s risks are limited to infection. However, there can be no assurance that it would not significantly affect our ability to conduct our operations and/or demand for our products, in each case in a manner having a material adverse effect on our business, reputation and/or prospects.
If our products become contaminated, we may be subject to product liability claims and product recalls. Such product liability claims or product recalls can adversely affect our business reputation, expose us to increased scrutiny by federal and state regulators and may not be fully covered by insurance.
Poultry and pork products may be subject to contamination by disease-producing organisms, or pathogens, such as Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, generic E.coli, Yersinia enterocolitica and Staphylococcus aureus. These pathogens are generally found in the environment and there is a risk that, as a result of food processing, they could be present in our processed poultry products. These pathogens can also be introduced as a result of improper handling at the further processing, foodservice or consumer level. These risks may be controlled, although not eliminated, by adherence to good manufacturing practices and finished product testing. We have little, if any, control over proper handling once the product has been shipped. Illness and death may result if the pathogens are not eliminated at the further processing, foodservice or consumer level. Even an inadvertent shipment of contaminated products is a violation of law and may lead to increased risk of exposure to product liability claims, product recalls and increased scrutiny by federal and state regulatory agencies and may have a material adverse effect on our business, reputation and/or prospects. The packaging, marketing and distribution of food products entail an inherent risk of product liability and product recall and the resultant adverse publicity. We may be subject to significant liability if the consumption of any of our products causes injury, illness or death.
We could be required to recall certain products in the event of contamination or damage to the products. In addition to the risks of product liability or product recall due to deficiencies caused by our production or processing operations, we may encounter the same risks if any third party tampers with our products. We cannot assure you that we will not be required to perform product recalls, or that product liability claims will not be asserted against us, in the future. Any claims that may be made may create adverse publicity that would have a material adverse effect on our ability to market our products successfully or on our business, reputation, prospects, financial condition and results of operations. If our products become contaminated, spoiled, are tampered with or are mislabeled, we may be subject to product liability claims and product recalls. A widespread product recall could result in significant losses due to the cost of a recall, the destruction of product inventory and lost sales due to the unavailability of product for a period of time. Such a product recall also could result in adverse publicity, damage to our reputation and a loss of consumer confidence in our products, which could have a material adverse effect on our business results.
We currently maintain insurance with respect to certain of these risks, including product liability insurance, business interruption insurance and general liability insurance, but in many cases such insurance is expensive, difficult to obtain and no assurance can be given that such insurance can be maintained in the future on acceptable terms, or in sufficient amounts to protect us against losses due to any such events, or at all. Moreover, even though our insurance coverage may be designed to protect us from losses attributable to certain events, it may not adequately protect us from liability and expenses we incur in connection with such events.
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Our foreign operations and commerce in international markets pose special risks to our business and operations and subject us to additional regulatory frameworks and compliance costs.
We have significant operations and assets located in Mexico, the U.K., the Republic of Ireland, and continental Europe and may participate in or acquire operations and assets in other foreign countries in the future. Foreign operations are subject to a number of special risks such as currency exchange rate fluctuations, trade barriers, exchange controls, expropriation and changes in laws and policies, including tax laws and laws governing foreign-owned operations. Currency exchange rate fluctuations have adversely affected us in the past. Exchange rate fluctuations or one or more other risks may have a material adverse effect on our business or operations in the future. Our operations in Mexico, the U.K., the Republic of Ireland, and continental Europe are conducted through subsidiaries organized under non-U.S. laws. Claims of creditors of our subsidiaries, including trade creditors, will generally have priority as to the assets of our subsidiaries over our claims. Additionally, the ability of these subsidiaries to make payments and distributions to us can be limited by terms of subsidiary financing arrangements and will be subject to, among other things, the laws applicable to these subsidiaries. In the past, these laws have not had a material adverse effect on the ability of these subsidiaries to make these payments and distributions. However, laws such as these may have a material adverse effect on the ability of these subsidiaries to make these payments and distributions in the future.
Our operations in foreign jurisdictions also subject us to additional regulatory frameworks, which can increase costs of compliance and subject us to possible fines and penalties, some of which could be significant. In some cases, foreign regulatory frameworks are more stringent or complex than similar regimes in the United States. For example, the European Union’s Deforestation Regulation (the “EUDR”), which generally becomes effective on December 30, 2024, will require companies trading in cattle, cocoa, coffee, oil palm, rubber, soya, and wood, as well as products derived from these commodities, to conduct extensive diligence on the value chain to ensure the goods do not result from recent deforestation, forest degradation, or breaches of local laws in order to sell such products in the European Union market. The EUDR, and other current or proposed regulations in the European Union and elsewhere, are likely to increase our compliance costs, could depress sales in such markets if our products are not in compliance by applicable effective dates, and could result in fines and penalties or reputational harm if we do not fully comply.
Additionally, to conduct our operations, we regularly move data across national borders (including data related to business, financial, marketing and regulatory matters) and must comply with increasingly complex and rigorous regulatory standards enacted to protect business and personal data in the U.S. and elsewhere. For example, in 2018, the European Union (the “E.U.”) recently commenced enforcement of the General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”). The GDPR imposes significant additional compliance obligations on companies regarding the handling of personal data and provides certain individual privacy rights to persons whose data is stored. The GDPR grants enforcement powers to certain E.U. regulators including extra-territorial powers in some cases. These enforcement powers enable regulators to conduct investigations and dawn raids, to issue penalties up to the greater of €20 million or 4% of worldwide turnover for the most serious violations, and to require changes to the way that organizations (including the Company) use personal data. Due to the geographic scope of our operations, the GDPR may increase our responsibility and liability in relation to personal data that we process, and we may be required to put in place additional mechanisms to minimize the risk of non-compliance with applicable privacy laws and regulations. Privacy laws such as the GDPR and similar laws and regulations are increasing in complexity and number, change frequently and sometimes conflict. In particular, as the E.U. states reframe their national legislation to harmonize with the GDPR, we will need to monitor compliance with all relevant E.U. member states’ laws and regulations, including where permitted derivations from the GDPR are introduced. Additional laws may be enacted in U.S. states or at the U.S. federal level. Compliance with such existing, proposed and recently enacted laws and regulations can be costly and may necessitate the review and implementation of policies and processes relating to our collection, security, and use of data; any failure to comply with these regulatory standards could subject us to legal and reputational risks including proceedings against the Company by governmental entities or others, fines and penalties, damage to our reputation and credibility and could have a negative impact on our business and results of operations.
Historically, we have targeted international markets to generate additional demand for our products. In particular, given the general preference for white chicken meat by U.S. and U.K. consumers, we have targeted international markets for the sale of certain dark chicken meat and parts, such as chicken paws, which are generally not consumed in the U.S. or U.K. We have also targeted international markets for excess primary pork cuts and parts, such as hog heads and trotters, which are generally not consumed in the U.K. As part of this initiative, we have created a significant international distribution network into several markets in Mexico, the Middle East and Asia. Our success in these markets may be, and our success in recent periods has been, adversely affected by disruptions in export markets. A significant risk is disruption due to import restrictions and tariffs, other trade protection measures, and import or export licensing requirements regarding food products imposed by foreign countries. Significant political or regulatory developments in the jurisdictions in which we sell our products, such as those stemming from the presidential administration in the U.S., are difficult to predict and may have a material adverse effect on us. For example, the implementation of new tariff schemes by various governments, such as those implemented by the U.S.
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and China in recent years, could increase the costs of our operations and ultimately increase the cost of products sold from one country into another country. In addition, disruptions may be caused by outbreaks of diseases, either in our flocks and herds or elsewhere in the world, and resulting changes in consumer preferences. One or more of these or other disruptions in the international markets and distribution channels could adversely affect our business.
Competition in the chicken and pork industries with other vertically integrated chicken or pork companies may make us unable to compete successfully in this industry, which could adversely affect our business.
Both the chicken and pork industries are highly competitive. In the U.S., Mexico, the U.K., the Republic of Ireland, and continental Europe, we primarily compete with other vertically integrated chicken and pork companies. In general, the competitive factors in these industries include price, product quality, product development, brand identification, breadth of product line and customer service. Competitive factors vary by major market. In the foodservice market, competition is based on consistent quality, product development, service and price. In the U.S. retail market, competition is based on product quality, brand awareness, customer service and price. Further, there is some competition with non-vertically integrated further processors in the prepared chicken business. In the Mexico retail and foodservice markets, where product differentiation has traditionally been limited, product quality and price have been the most critical competitive factors. In the U.K., the Republic of Ireland, and continental Europe retail and food service markets, key competitive factors include price, delivering consistent levels of the highest quality, service level and delivering strong innovation. The fresh U.K. and continental Europe market is almost exclusively retailer private label. The U.K. fresh market is almost exclusively sourced from within the U.K., making vertical integration a prerequisite for operating in that market. The U.K. prepared foods market is less exclusively sourced from within the U.K. so vertical integration is less of a consideration and competition is opened up to other processors, some of whom produce or source from abroad. Our success depends in part on our ability to manage costs and be efficient in the highly competitive poultry and pork industries, and our failure to manage costs and be efficient could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Media campaigns related to food production; regulatory and customer focus on environmental, social and governance responsibility; and recent increased focus and attention by the U.S. government on market dynamics in the meat processing industry could expose us to additional costs or risks.
Individuals or organizations can use social media platforms to publicize inappropriate or inaccurate stories or perceptions about the food production industry or our company. Such practices could cause damage to the reputations of our company and/or the food production industry in general. This damage could adversely affect our financial results. In addition, regulators, stockholders, customers and other interested parties have focused increasingly on the environmental, social and governance practices of companies. This has led to an increase in regulations and may continue to cause us to be subject to additional regulations in the future. Our customers or other interested parties may also require us to implement certain environmental, social or governance procedures or standards before doing or continuing to do business with us. Also, the U.S. government has increased its focus on market dynamics within the meat industry. The U.S. government has inquired with the meat processing industry on matters such as market pricing to end consumers and market dynamics associated with the relationship between meat processors and the farming community. This increased attention on environmental, social and governance practices could cause us to incur additional compliance costs, divert management attention from operating our business, impair our access to capital among certain investors and subject us to litigation risk for disclosures we make and practices we adopt regarding these issues. This in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We are increasingly dependent on information technology, and our business and reputation could suffer if we are unable to protect our information technology systems against, or effectively respond to, cyber-attacks, to other cyber security incidents or breaches, or if our information technology systems are otherwise disrupted.
The proper functioning of our information systems is critical to the successful operation of our business. We rely on information technology networks and systems, including the Internet, to process, transmit, and store electronic and financial information, to manage a variety of business processes and activities, and to comply with regulatory, legal, and tax requirements. We also depend on our information technology infrastructure for digital marketing activities and for electronic communications among our locations, personnel, customers, and suppliers. Although our information systems are protected with robust backup systems, including physical and software safeguards and remote processing capabilities, information systems by their nature are still vulnerable to cyber-attacks, natural disasters, power losses, unauthorized access, telecommunication failures, and other problems. In addition, certain software used by us is licensed from, and certain services related to our information systems are provided by, third parties who could choose to discontinue their relationship with us or could encounter system disruptions or attacks of their own. If critical information systems fail or these systems or related software or services are otherwise unavailable, our ability to process orders, maintain proper levels of inventories, collect accounts receivable, pay expenses, and maintain the security of Company and customer data could be adversely affected. Cyber-attacks and other cyber incidents are occurring more frequently and are constantly evolving in nature and sophistication.
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We have experienced and expect to continue to experience actual or attempted cyber-attacks of our information technology systems or networks. To date, none of these actual or attempted cyber-attacks has had a material effect on our operations or financial condition. For example, we determined on May 30, 2021 that we were the target of an organized cybersecurity attack (the “Cyberattack”) affecting some of the servers supporting our global IT systems. Upon learning of the intrusion, we contacted federal officials and activated our cybersecurity protocols, including voluntarily shutting down all affected systems to isolate the intrusion, limit the potential infection and preserve core systems. Restoring systems critical to production was prioritized. In addition, the encrypted backup servers, which were not affected by the Cyberattack, allowed for a return to full operations within two days. We incurred a loss of approximately $10.0 million related to the Cyberattack during the second quarter of 2021, which included an allocation of $2.4 million of the total $11.0 million ransom paid by our parent company. Our response, IT systems and encrypted backup servers allowed for a rapid recovery from the Cyberattack. As a result, the loss of food produced was limited to less than one day of production. We continue to cooperate with government officials regarding this incident. We are not aware of any evidence that any customer, supplier, employee or financial data has been compromised or misused as a result of the Cyberattack.
Our failure to maintain our cyber-security measures and keep abreast of new and evolving threats may make our systems vulnerable. The rapid evolution and increased adoption of new technologies, such as artificial intelligence, may intensify our cybersecurity risks. The potential consequences of a material cyber-security incident include reputational damage, litigation with third parties, regulatory actions, disruption of plant operations, and increased cyber-security protection and remediation costs. There can be no assurance that we will be able to prevent all of the rapidly evolving forms of increasingly sophisticated and frequent cyber-attacks. Moreover, our efforts to address network security vulnerabilities may not be successful, resulting potentially in the theft, loss, destruction or corruption of information we store electronically, as well as unexpected interruptions, delays or cessation of service, any of which would cause harm to our business operations. The vulnerability of our systems and our failure to identify or respond timely to cyber incidents could have an adverse effect on our operations and reputation and expose us to liability or regulatory enforcement actions.
Our operations are subject to general risks of litigation.
We are involved on an ongoing basis in litigation relating to alleged antitrust violations or arising in the ordinary course of business or otherwise. Trends in litigation may include class actions involving consumers, shareholders, employees or injured persons, and claims relating to commercial, labor, employment, antitrust, securities or environmental matters. Litigation trends and the outcome of litigation cannot be predicted with certainty, and adverse litigation trends and outcomes could result in material damages, which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
For example, between September 2, 2016 and October 13, 2016, a series of purported class action lawsuits were brought against PPC and other defendants by and on behalf of direct and indirect purchasers of broiler chickens alleging violations of antitrust and unfair competition laws. The complaints seek, among other relief, treble damages for an alleged conspiracy among defendants to reduce output and increase prices of broiler chickens from the period of January 2008 to 2019. For additional information on this and other litigation matters, see Part II, Item 8, Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, “Note 21. Commitments and Contingencies” in this annual report. The consequences of the litigation matters PPC faces are inherently uncertain, and adverse actions, judgments or settlements in some or all of these matters has resulted and may in the future result in materially adverse monetary damages, fines, penalties, or injunctive relief against PPC. Any claims or litigation, even if fully indemnified or insured, could damage PPC’s reputation and make it more difficult to compete effectively or to obtain adequate insurance in the future.
We may not be able to successfully integrate the operations of companies we acquire or benefit from growth opportunities.
We continue to pursue selective acquisitions of complementary businesses, such as Pilgrim’s Food Masters, which we acquired in 2021. Inherent in any future acquisitions are certain risks such as increasing leverage and debt service requirements and combining company cultures and facilities, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, particularly during the period immediately following such acquisitions. Additional debt or equity capital may be required to complete future acquisitions, and there can be no assurance that we will be able to raise the required capital. These opportunities may expose us to successor liability relating to actions involving any acquired entities, their respective management or contingent liabilities incurred prior to our involvement and will expose us to liabilities associated with ongoing operations, in particular to the extent we are unable to adequately and safely manage such acquired operations. A material liability associated with these types of opportunities, or our failure to successfully integrate any acquired entities into our business, could adversely affect our reputation and have a material adverse effect on us.
We may not be able to successfully integrate any growth opportunities we may undertake in the future or successfully implement appropriate operational, financial and administrative systems and controls to achieve the benefits that we expect to
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result therefrom. These risks include: (1) failure of the acquired entities to achieve expected results; (2) possible inability to retain or hire key personnel of the acquired entities; and (3) possible inability to achieve expected synergies and/or economies of scale. In addition, the process of integrating businesses could cause interruption of, or loss of momentum in, the activities of our existing business. The diversion of our management’s attention, the lack of experience in operating in the geographical market of the acquired business and any delays or difficulties encountered in connection with the integration of these businesses could adversely affect our business, results of operations and prospects.
The consolidation of customers and/or the loss of one or more of our largest customers could adversely affect our business.
Our customers, such as supermarkets, warehouse clubs and food distributors, have consolidated in recent years, and consolidation is expected to continue throughout the U.S. and in other major markets. These consolidations have produced large, sophisticated customers with increased buying power who are more capable of operating with reduced inventories, opposing price increases, and demanding lower pricing, increased promotional programs and specifically tailored products. These customers also may use shelf space currently used for our products for their own private label products. Because of these trends, our volume growth could slow or we may need to lower prices or increase promotional spending for our products, any of which could adversely affect our financial results.
Our two largest customers together accounted for approximately 13.2% of our consolidated net sales in 2023. Our business could suffer significant setbacks in revenues and operating income if we lost one or more of our largest customers, or if our customers’ plans and/or markets should change significantly.
We depend on contract growers and independent producers to supply us with livestock.
We contract primarily with independent contract growers to raise the live chickens and pigs processed in our operations. If we do not attract and maintain contracts with growers or maintain marketing and purchasing relationships with independent producers, our production operations could be negatively affected.
Changes in consumer preference could negatively impact our business.
The food industry in general is subject to changing consumer trends, demands and preferences. Trends within the food industry change often, and failure to identify and react to changes in these trends could lead to, among other things, reduced demand and price reductions for our products, and could have an adverse effect on our financial results. For example, consumer concerns related to human health, climate change, resource conservation and animal welfare of animal-based protein sources have driven consumer interest in plant-based protein sources. Because we primarily produce chicken and pork products, we may be limited in our ability to respond to changes in consumer preferences towards other animal-based proteins or away from animal-based proteins entirely.
We strive to respond to consumer preferences and expectations, but we may not be successful in our efforts. We could be adversely affected if consumers lose confidence in the quality of certain food products or ingredients. Prolonged negative perceptions of certain food products or ingredients could influence consumer preferences and acceptance of some of our products and marketing programs. Continued negative perceptions and failure to satisfy consumer preferences could materially and adversely affect our product sales, financial condition and results of operations. Our Pilgrim’s Food Masters business has a number of iconic brands with significant value. While we have recently increased the market share of our Just Bare® and Pilgrim’s® brands in the U.S. market. Maintaining and continually enhancing the value of these brands is critical to the success of our business. Brand value is based in large part on consumer perceptions. Success in promoting and enhancing brand value depends in large part on our ability to provide high-quality products. Brand value could diminish significantly due to a number of factors, including consumer perception that we have acted in an irresponsible manner, adverse publicity about our products (whether or not valid), our failure to maintain the quality of our products, the failure of our products to deliver consistently positive consumer experiences or the products becoming unavailable to consumers.
Climate change may have a long-term adverse impact on our business and results of operations.

Global average temperatures are gradually increasing due to increased concentration of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which may contribute to significant changes in weather patterns around the globe and an increase in the frequency and severity of natural disasters. Decreased agricultural productivity in certain regions of the world as a result of changing weather patterns may limit the availability or increase the cost of key agricultural commodities and natural resources, as well as raw materials such as corn, soybean meal and other feed ingredients, which are important sources of ingredients for our products, and could impact the food security of communities around the world. Increased frequency or duration of extreme weather conditions could also impair production capabilities, disrupt our supply chain or impact demand for our products. Increasing concern over climate change also may adversely impact demand for our products due to changes in
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consumer preferences and result in additional legal or regulatory requirements designed to reduce or mitigate the effects of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions on the environment. In addition, climate change could affect our ability to procure needed commodities at costs and in quantities we currently experience and may require us to make additional unplanned capital expenditures. Increased energy or compliance costs and expenses due to increased legal or regulatory requirements could be prohibitively costly and may cause disruptions in, or an increase in the costs associated with, the running of our production facilities. Furthermore, compliance with any such legal or regulatory requirements may require us to make significant changes to our business operations and strategy, which will likely incur substantial time, attention and costs. Even if we make changes to align ourselves with such legal or regulatory requirements, we may still be subject to significant fines if such laws and regulations are interpreted and applied in a manner inconsistent with our practices. The effects of climate change and legal or regulatory initiatives to address climate change could have a long-term adverse impact on our business and results of operations. We currently have outstanding Senior Notes that are linked to our achievement of targeted reductions in Scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas emissions intensity by 2025. If we fail to meet these targeted reductions in 2025, the interest rate applied to these Senior Notes will increase. Finally, from time to time we establish and publicly announce goals and targets to reduce our carbon footprint. If we fail to achieve, fail to specify or improperly report on our progress toward achieving our carbon emissions reduction goals and targets, we could be subject to lawsuits, investigations, government actions, or other claims made by public or private entities, each of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. In addition, the resulting negative publicity from any such allegations could adversely affect consumer preference for our products.
Legal and Regulatory Risk Factors
Regulation, present and future, is a constant factor affecting our business.
Our operations will continue to be subject to or otherwise affected by federal, state and local governmental legislation and regulation, including in the health, safety and environmental areas. Changes in laws or regulations or the application thereof regarding areas such as wage and hour and environmental compliance may lead to government enforcement actions and resulting litigation by private litigants. In addition, unknown matters, new laws and regulations, or stricter interpretations of existing laws or regulations may also materially affect our business or operations in the future. For example, the USDA amended the Packers and Stockyards Act to require new disclosures that live poultry dealers must provide to contract growers.
Immigration
Immigration reform continues to attract significant attention in the public arena and the U.S. Congress. Despite our past and continuing efforts to hire only U.S. citizens and/or persons legally authorized to work in the U.S., we may be unable to ensure that all of our employees and contractors are persons legally authorized to work in the U.S. No assurances can be given that enforcement efforts by governmental authorities will not disrupt a portion of our workforce or operations at one or more facilities, thereby negatively impacting our business. Also, no assurance can be given that further enforcement efforts by governmental authorities will not result in the assessment of fines that could adversely affect our financial position, operating results or cash flows.
Environmental, Health and Safety
Our operations are subject to extensive and increasingly stringent federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations pertaining to the protection of the environment, including those relating to the discharge of materials into the environment, the handling, treatment and disposal of wastes, and the remediation of soil and groundwater contamination. Failure to comply with these requirements could have serious consequences for us, including criminal as well as civil and administrative penalties, claims for property damage, personal injury and damage to natural resources and negative publicity. Compliance with existing or changing environmental requirements, including more stringent limitations imposed or expected to be imposed in recently-renewed or soon to be renewed environmental permits, may require capital expenditures for installation of new or upgraded pollution control equipment at some of our facilities.
Operations at many of our facilities require the treatment and disposal of wastewater, stormwater and agricultural and food processing wastes, the use and maintenance of refrigeration systems, including ammonia-based chillers, noise, odor and dust management, the operation of mechanized processing equipment, and other operations that potentially could affect the environment, health and safety. Some of our facilities have been operating for many years, and were built before current environmental standards were imposed, and/or are in areas that recently have become subject to residential and commercial development pressures. Failure to comply with current and future environmental, health and safety standards could result in the imposition of fines and penalties, and we have been subject to such sanctions from time to time. We are upgrading wastewater treatment facilities at a number of these locations, either pursuant to consent agreements with regulatory authorities or on a voluntary basis in anticipation of future permit requirements. For example, the EPA has proposed Meat and Poultry Products Effluent Guidelines and Standards, which may increase requirements and necessitate further upgrades to existing facilities.
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In the past, we have acquired businesses with operations such as pesticide and fertilizer production that involved greater use of hazardous materials and generation of more hazardous wastes than our current operations. While many of those operations have been sold or closed, some environmental laws impose strict and, in certain circumstances, joint and several liability for costs of investigation and remediation of contaminated sites on current and former owners and operators of the sites, and on persons who arranged for disposal of wastes at such sites. In addition, current owners or operators of such contaminated sites may seek to recover cleanup costs from us based on past operations or contractual indemnifications.
Additionally, we have from time to time had incidents at our plants involving worker health and safety. These have included ammonia releases due to mechanical failures in chiller systems and worker injuries and fatalities involving processing equipment and vehicle accidents. We have taken preventive measures in response; however, we can make no assurance that similar incidents will not arise in the future. New environmental, health and safety requirements, stricter interpretations of existing requirements, or obligations related to the investigation or clean-up of contaminated sites, may materially affect our business or operations in the future.
Anti-Corruption
We are subject to a number of anti-corruption laws, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and the U.K. Bribery Act (“UKBA”). The FCPA and similar anti-bribery laws generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments or improperly providing anything of value to foreign officials, directly or indirectly, for the purpose of obtaining or keeping business and/or other benefits. Some of these laws have legal effect outside the jurisdictions in which they are adopted under certain circumstances. The FCPA also requires maintenance of adequate record-keeping and internal accounting practices to accurately reflect transactions. Under the FCPA, companies operating in the U.S. may be held liable for actions taken by their strategic or local partners or representatives.
The UKBA is broader in scope than the FCPA in that it directly prohibits commercial bribery (i.e. bribing individuals or organizations other than government officials) in addition to bribery of government officials and it does not recognize certain exceptions, notably for facilitation payments, that are permitted by the FCPA. The UKBA also has wide jurisdiction. It covers any offense committed in the U.K., but proceedings can also be brought if a person who has a close connection with the U.K. commits the relevant acts or omissions outside the U.K. It defines a person with a close connection to include British citizens, individuals ordinarily resident in the U.K. and bodies incorporated in the U.K. The UKBA also provides that any organization that conducts part of its business in the U.K., even if it is not incorporated in the U.K., can be prosecuted for the corporate offense of failing to prevent bribery by an associated person, even if the bribery took place entirely outside the U.K. and the associated person had no connection with the U.K.
Other jurisdictions in which we operate have adopted similar anti-corruption, anti-bribery and anti-kickback laws to which we are subject. Civil and criminal penalties may be imposed for violations of these laws.
Despite our ongoing efforts to ensure compliance with the FCPA, the UKBA and similar laws, there can be no assurance that our directors, officers, employees, agents, third-party intermediaries and the companies to which we outsource certain of our business operations, have previously complied or will comply with those laws and our anti-corruption policies or that our compliance program will be sufficient to prevent or detect bribery, and we may be ultimately held responsible for any such non-compliance. If we or our directors or officers violate anti-corruption laws or other laws governing the conduct of business with government entities (including local laws), we or our directors or officers may be subject to criminal and civil penalties or other remedial measures, which could harm our reputation and have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Any actual or alleged violations of such laws could also harm our reputation or have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
Labor and Employment Risk Factors
Our performance depends on favorable labor relations with our employees and our compliance with labor laws. Any deterioration of those relations or increase in labor costs due to our compliance with labor laws could adversely affect our business.
As of December 31, 2023, we employed approximately 61,200 persons. Approximately 35.2% of our workforce are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Substantially all employees covered under collective bargaining agreements are covered under agreements that expire in 2024 or later. We have not experienced any labor-related work stoppage at any location in over ten years. We believe our relationship with our employees and union leadership is satisfactory. At any given time, we will likely be in some stage of contract negotiations with various collective bargaining units. In the absence of an agreement, we may become subject to labor disruption at one or more of these locations, which could have an adverse effect on our financial results.
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Loss of essential employees or material increase in employee turnover could have a significant negative impact on our business.
Our success is largely dependent on the skills, experience, and efforts of our management and other employees. The loss of the services of one or more members of our senior management or of numerous employees with essential skills could have a negative effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. If we are not able to retain or attract talented, committed individuals to fill vacant positions when needs arise, it may adversely affect our ability to achieve our business objectives.
We also rely on an adequate supply of skilled employees at our processing and food facilities. Trained and experienced personnel in our industry are in high demand, and we have experienced high turnover and difficulty retaining employees with appropriate training and skills. We cannot predict whether we will be able to attract, motivate and maintain an adequate skilled workforce necessary to operate our existing and future facilities efficiently, or that labor expenses will not increase as a result of a shortage in the supply of skilled personnel, thereby adversely impacting our financial performance. While our industry generally operates with high employee turnover, any material increases in employee turnover rates or any widespread employee dissatisfaction could also have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Labor shortages and increased turnover or increases in employee and employee-related costs could have adverse effects on our profitability.
We and our third-party vendors have experienced increased labor shortages at some of our production facilities and other locations. Several factors have had and may continue to have adverse effects on the labor force available to us and our third-party vendors, including government regulations, which include laws and regulations related to workers’ health and safety, wage and hour practices and work authorization. Labor shortages and increased turnover rates within the Company and our third-party vendors have led to and could in the future lead to increased costs, such as increased overtime to meet demand and increased wage rates to attract and retain employees and could negatively affect our ability to efficiently operate our production facilities or otherwise operate at full capacity and could result in downtime of our production facilities. An overall or prolonged labor shortage, lack of skilled labor, increased turnover or labor inflation for any of the foregoing reasons could have a material adverse impact on our operations, results of operations, reputation, liquidity or cash flows.
If we are unable to attract, hire or retain key team members or a highly skilled and diverse global workforce, it could have a negative impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Our continued growth requires us to attract, hire, retain and develop key team members, including our executive officers and senior management team, and maintain a highly skilled and diverse global workforce. We compete to attract and hire highly skilled team members and our own team members are highly sought after by our competitors and other companies. Competition could cause us to lose talented team members, and unplanned turnover could deplete our institutional knowledge and result in increased costs due to increased competition for team members. In addition, our compensation arrangements may not always be successful in attracting new employees or retaining our existing team members.
Stock Ownership and Financial Risk Factors
JBS USA beneficially owns a majority of our common stock and has the ability to control the vote on most matters brought before the holders of our common stock.
JBS USA Food Company Holdings (“JBS USA Holdings”) beneficially owns a majority of the shares and voting power of our common stock and is entitled to appoint a majority of the members of our Board of Directors. As a result, subject to restrictions on voting power and actions in the stockholders agreement and our organization documents, JBS USA Holdings has and will have the ability to control our management, policies and financing decisions, elect a majority of the members of our Board of Directors at the annual meeting and control the vote on most matters coming before the holders of our common stock. Under the stockholders agreement, JBS USA Holdings has the ability to elect up to seven members of our Board of Directors and the other holders of our common stock have the ability to elect up to two members of our Board of Directors. Moreover, our ultimate controlling shareholders may serve as members of our Board of Directors or as members of the board of directors or other senior management positions at any JBS companies.
JBS USA Holdings may have interests that are different from other shareholders and may vote in a way that may be adverse to our other shareholders’ interests. JBS USA Holding’s concentration of ownership could also have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control or otherwise discouraging a potential acquirer from attempting to obtain control of us, which could cause the market price of our common stock to decline or prevent our shareholders from realizing a premium over the market price for their common stock.
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Our future financial and operating flexibility may be adversely affected by significant leverage.
On a consolidated basis, as of December 31, 2023, we had approximately $3.4 billion of unsecured indebtedness and had the ability to borrow approximately $1.1 billion under our credit agreements. Significant amounts of cash flow will be necessary to make payments of interest and repay the principal amount of such indebtedness. The degree to which we are leveraged could have important consequences because (1) it could affect our ability to satisfy our obligations under our credit agreements, (2) a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations is required to be dedicated to interest and principal payments and may not be available for operations, working capital, capital expenditures, expansion, acquisitions or general corporate or other purposes, (3) our ability to obtain additional financing and to fund working capital, capital expenditures and other general corporate requirements in the future may be impaired; (4) we may be more highly leveraged than some of our competitors, which may place us at a competitive disadvantage, (5) our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business may be limited, (6) it may limit our ability to pursue acquisitions and sell assets and (7) it may make us more vulnerable in the event of a continued or new downturn in our business or the economy in general.
Our ability to make payments on and to refinance our debt, including our credit facilities, will depend on our ability to generate cash in the future. This, to a certain extent, is subject to various business factors (including, among others, the commodity prices of feed ingredients, chicken and pork) and general economic, financial, competitive, legislative, regulatory, and other factors that are beyond our control.
There can be no assurance that we will be able to generate sufficient cash flow from operations or that future borrowings will be available under our credit facilities in an amount sufficient to enable us to pay our debt obligations, including obligations under our credit facilities, or to fund our other liquidity needs. We may need to refinance all or a portion of their debt on or before maturity. There can be no assurance that we will be able to refinance any of their debt on commercially reasonable terms or at all.
Impairment in the carrying value of goodwill or other identifiable intangible assets could negatively affect our operating results.
We have a significant amount of goodwill and identifiable intangible assets on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Under the accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“U.S. GAAP”), goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets with indefinite lives must be evaluated for impairment annually or more frequently if events indicate it is warranted. If the carrying value of our reporting units exceeds their current fair value as determined based on the discounted future cash flows of the related business, the goodwill is considered impaired and is reduced to fair value by a non-cash charge to earnings. For indefinite-lived intangible assets, an impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount of an indefinite-lived intangible asset exceeds the estimated fair value of that intangible asset. Identified intangible assets with definite lives are tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amount may not be recoverable. Events and conditions that could result in impairment in the value of our goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets include changes in the industry in which we operate, particularly the impact of a downturn in the global economy or the economies of geographic regions or countries in which we operate, as well as competition, adverse changes in the regulatory environment, or other factors leading to reduction in expected long-term sales or profitability.
General Risk Factors
Weak or unstable national or global economic conditions, including inflation, could negatively impact our business.
Our business may be adversely affected by:
weak or volatile national or global economic conditions, including inflation;
unfavorable currency exchange rates and interest rates;
the lack of availability of credit on reasonable terms;
restricted access to capital markets;
changes in consumer spending rates and habits;
unemployment and underemployment; and
a tight energy supply and high energy costs.
Our business could be negatively affected if efforts and initiatives of the governments of the United States and other countries to manage and stimulate the economy fail or result in worsening economic conditions. Deteriorating economic conditions could negatively affect consumer demand for protein generally or our products specifically, consumers’ ability to afford our products, consumer habits with respect to how they spend their food dollars, and the cost and availability of raw materials we need.
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Disruptions in credit and other financial markets caused by deteriorating or weak national and international economic conditions could, among other things:
make it more difficult for us, our customers or our growers or prospective growers to obtain financing and credit on reasonable terms;
cause lenders to change their practice with respect to the industry generally or our company specifically in terms of granting credit extensions and terms;
impair the financial condition of our customers, suppliers or growers making it difficult for them to meet their obligations and supply raw material; or
impair the financial condition of our insurers, making it difficult or impossible for them to meet their obligations to us.
Our business may be negatively impacted by economic or other consequences from Russia’s war against Ukraine and the sanctions imposed as a response to that action.
We face risks related to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war that began in February 2022. The impact of the ongoing war and sanctions will not be limited to businesses that operate in Russia and Ukraine and may negatively impact other global economic markets including where we operate. The impacts have included and may continue to include, but are not limited to, higher prices for commodities, such as food products, ingredients and energy products, increasing inflation in some countries, and disrupted trade and supply chains. The conflict has disrupted shipments of grains, vegetable oils, fertilizer and energy products.
The impact on the agriculture markets falls into two main categories: (1) the effect on Ukrainian crop production, as the region is key in global grain production; and (2) the duration of the disruption in trade flows. Safety and financing concerns in the region are restricting export execution, which is in turn forcing grain and oil demand to find alternative supply. The duration of the war and related volatility makes global markets extremely sensitive to growing-season weather in other global grain producing regions and has led to a large risk premium in futures prices. Moreover, Russia’s suspension of the Black Sea Grain Initiative in June 2023 may further pressure on trade flows in the region. The continued volatility in the global markets, in part as a result of the war, has adversely impacted our costs by driving up prices, raising inflation and increasing pressure on the supply of feed ingredients and energy products throughout the global markets.
In addition, the U.S. government and other governments in jurisdictions in which we operate have imposed sanctions and export controls against Russia, Belarus and interests therein and threatened additional sanctions and controls. The impact of these measures, now and in the future, could adversely affect our business, supply chain or customers.
Finally, there may be increased risk of cyberattack as a result of the ongoing conflict. We have not seen any new or heightened risk of potential cyberattacks since the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine war.
Extreme weather, natural disasters or other events beyond our control as well as interruption by man-made problems such as power disruptions could negatively impact our business.

Bioterrorism, fire, pandemic, extreme weather or natural disasters, including droughts, floods, excessive cold or heat, hurricanes or other storms, could impair the health or growth of our flocks, production or availability of feed ingredients, or interfere with our operations due to power outages, fuel shortages, damage to our production and processing facilities or disruption of transportation channels, among other things. Any of these factors could have an adverse effect on our financial results. Moreover, climate change, including the impact of global warming, has resulted in risks that include changes in weather conditions, extreme weather events and adverse impacts on agricultural production, as well as potential regulatory compliance risks, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

A significant power outage could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, and financial condition. Although we maintain incident management and disaster response plans, in the event of a major disruption caused by a man-made problem such as a power disruption, we may be unable to continue our operations and may endure system interruptions, reputational harm, delays in our development activities, lengthy interruptions in service, breaches of data security and loss of critical data, and our insurance may not cover such events or may be insufficient to compensate us for the potentially significant losses we may incur.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
    None.
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Item 1C. Cybersecurity
Cybersecurity Risk, Strategy and Governance
The Company maintains a robust cybersecurity infrastructure to safeguard our operations, networks and data through comprehensive security measures including our technology tools, internal management and external service providers.
The Company’s Chief Information Officer (“CIO”) is responsible for assessing, identifying, and managing the risks from cybersecurity threats. Our CIO has significant experience in information technology and many of our information technology team members hold qualifications in technology security positions. We maintain a cross-functional Cybersecurity Committee, as well as a Global Security Committee consisting of the information technology professionals and security managers from each country in which we have operations.
We have both policies and procedures that align with the National Institute of Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework. Our information security program includes, among other aspects, vulnerability management, antivirus and malware protection, encryption and access control, and employee training. Our CIO, together with our Global Security Committee, reviews emerging threats, controls, and procedures as part of assessing, identifying, and managing risks. Risks identified by our cybersecurity program are analyzed to determine the potential impact on us and the likelihood of occurrence. Such risks are continuously monitored to ensure that the circumstances and severity of such risks have not changed.
We also endeavor to apprise employees of emerging risks and require them to undergo regular security awareness trainings and supplemental trainings as needed. Additionally, we conduct periodic internal exercises to gauge the effectiveness of the trainings and assess the need for additional training.
In addition, we engage independent third-party cybersecurity providers for testing and vulnerability detection. We regularly engage with third-party vendors to perform external penetration testing, which identifies potential threats and reduces the impact and/or likelihood of these threats. Our employees perform similar intrusion tests and internal and external scans to help improve and harden the company’s security posture. We also conduct security assessments of our IT vendors and certain business partners and maintain cyber incident response plans that are periodically reviewed and updated by our IT Security and Cyber Defense Teams and leveraged table top exercised performed by our IT teams. The incident response plan ties into our Cybersecurity Committee processes for review to ensure the required reporting of material incidents to the Board of Directors, as applicable.
Our Board of Directors, primarily through the Audit Committee, oversees management’s approach to managing cybersecurity risks as part of its risk management oversight. The Audit Committee holds periodic discussions with management regarding the Company’s guidelines and policies with respect to cybersecurity risks and receives regular reports from the CIO regarding such risks and the steps management has taken to monitor and control any exposure resulting from such risks.
As of the date of this report, we are not aware of any risks from cybersecurity threats that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our business strategy, results of operations, or financial condition.
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Item 2. Properties
Operating Facilities
    Our main operating facilities are as follows:
Number of Facilities
OwnedLeasedTotal
Capacity(a)
Unit of MeasureAverage Capacity Utilization
Chicken Operations:
Fresh processing facilities 35 36 8.4 millionBirds per day92.2 %
Prepared foods facilities 12 14 562,257  Tons per year80.0 %
Hatcheries 45 47 3.1 billion Eggs per year92.6 %
Other operation facilities(b)
48 49 16.0 million Tons per year73.3 %
Grain elevator — 8.6 million Bushels per year24.8 %
Pork Operations:
Fresh processing facilities — 7,425  Pigs per day90.8 %
Prepared foods facilities — 250,319 Tons per year69.0 %
Other operation facilities(c)
— 9,583 Pigs per year100.0 %
Lamb Operations(d):
Fresh processing facilities— 3,625 Lambs per day74.9 %
Prepared foods facilities— 487,077 Tons per year82.2 %
Prepared Meals Operations:
Prepared foods facilities276,373 Tons per year73.3 %
Distribution Centers and Other10 17 27 N/AN/A
(a)Capacity and utilization numbers do not include idled facilities.
(b)Other facilities in the chicken operations include feed mills, protein conversion and rendering facilities, and pet food facilities in the U.S.
(c)Other facilities in the pork operations include company-owned pig farms in the U.K.
(d)Facilities in lamb operations are from the acquisition of Randall Parker Foods and are in the U.K.
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Item 3. Legal Proceedings
The information required with respect to this item can be found in Part II, Item 8, Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, “Note 21. Commitments and Contingencies” in this annual report and is incorporated by reference into this Item 3.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
None.
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PART II
Item 5. Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Market Information
Our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “PPC.”
Holders
As of February 27, 2024, the Company estimates that there were approximately 30,100 holders (including individual participants in security position listings) of the Company’s common stock.
Dividends
The Company has no current intention to pay any dividends to its stockholders. Any change in dividend policy will depend upon future conditions, including earnings and financial condition, general business conditions, any applicable contractual limitations and other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors in its discretion.
Both the U.S. Revolving Syndicated Facility and the indentures governing the Company’s senior notes restrict, but do not prohibit, the Company from declaring dividends. In addition, the terms of the U.K. and Europe Revolver Facility Agreement restrict the U.K. and Europe’s ability and the ability of certain of the U.K. and Europe’s subsidiaries to, among other things, make payments and distributions to us, which could in turn impair our ability to pay dividends to our stockholders. See “Note 13. Debt” of our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this annual report for additional information.
Performance Graph
The graph below shows a comparison from December 30, 2018 through December 31, 2023 of the cumulative 5-year total stockholder return of holders of the Company’s common stock with the cumulative total returns of the Russell 2000 index and a customized peer group of two companies: Tyson Foods Inc and Hormel Foods Corp. The graph assumes that the value of the investment in our common stock, in each index, and in the peer group (including reinvestment of dividends) was $100 on December 30, 2018 and tracks it through December 31, 2023.
The graph covers the period from December 30, 2018 to December 31, 2023, and reflects the performance of the Company’s single class of common stock. The stock price performance represented by this graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock performance.
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https://cdn.kscope.io/7f4592f0e1c33c132a2cee3737ac9218-5Yr Graph.jpg
12/30/1806/30/1912/29/1906/30/2012/27/2006/30/2112/26/2106/30/2212/25/2206/30/2312/31/23
PPC$100.00 $162.86 $211.48 $108.34 $124.12 $142.27 $176.72 $200.32 $152.66 $137.84 $177.42 
Russell 2000100.00 116.98 125.52 109.23 150.58 176.99 172.90 132.39 137.56 148.68 160.85 
Peer Group100.00 123.76 140.63 117.61 122.11 132.53 144.69 146.38 122.50 106.73 99.22 
Item 6. [Reserved]
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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Executive Summary
Overview
We are one of the largest protein companies in the world, and as a vertically integrated company, we are able to control every phase of the production process, which helps us manage food safety and quality, control margins and improve customer service. This gives us the opportunity to continue to create growth and development opportunities, further increasing our position as a leading domestic and global protein company.
We reported net income attributable to Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation of $322.3 million, or $1.36 per diluted common share, and profit before tax totaling $365.2 million, for 2023. These operating results included gross profit of $1.1 billion and generated $677.9 million of cash from operations. We generated consolidated operating margins of 3.0% with operating margins of 2.4%, 2.5%, and 7.3% in our U.S., U.K. and Europe, and Mexico reportable segments, respectively. During 2023, we generated EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA of $951.7 million and $1,034.2 million, respectively. A reconciliation of net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA is included later in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this annual report.
We operate on the basis of a 52/53-week fiscal year that ends on the Sunday falling on or before December 31. Any reference we make to a particular year applies to our fiscal year and not the calendar year. Fiscal 2023 was a 53-week accounting cycle and 2022 was a 52-week accounting cycle.
Global Economic Conditions
During 2023, we continued to experience challenges from inflation in commodity, labor and other operating costs across all our businesses. The impact on the global feed ingredient and energy markets due to the Russia-Ukraine war have lessened due to increased production in other areas in the global supply chain as discussed below. Despite inflationary headwinds and subdued consumer demand throughout the U.K. and E.U., we have and will continue to invest in our people, implement supply chain solutions, and conduct customer negotiations for cost recovery. Mexico remains a volatile market given inflationary pressures, an evolving global protein industry, and overall business seasonality.
We have responded to these challenges by continuing negotiations with customers to mitigate the impact of extraordinary costs we have experienced. We also continue to focus on operational initiatives that aim to deliver labor efficiencies, better agricultural performance and improved yields.
Russia-Ukraine War Impacts
The Russia-Ukraine war began in February 2022. The impact of the ongoing war and sanctions has not been limited to businesses that operate in Russia and Ukraine and has negatively impacted and will likely continue to negatively impact other global economic markets including where we operate. The impacts have included and may continue to include, but are not limited to, higher prices for commodities, such as food products, ingredients and energy products, increasing inflation in some countries, and disrupted trade and supply chains. The conflict has disrupted shipments of grains, vegetable oils, fertilizer and energy products.
The impact on the agriculture markets falls into two main categories: (1) the effect on Ukrainian crop production, as the region is key in global grain production; and (2) the duration of the disruption in trade flows. Safety and financing concerns in the region are restricting export execution, which is in turn forcing grain and oil demand to find alternative supply. In the fourth quarter of 2023, the global supply chains have become less sensitive to the conflict in Ukraine as grain production in other global areas had record high seasons alleviating much of the global supply constraints that existed after the initial outbreak of the war. Ukraine supply constraints from Russia’s mid-2023 suspension of the Black Sea Grain Initiative and other impacts from the war have only minimally impacted grain exports from Ukraine and the global supply of grains due to the increased production from other areas.
The U.S. government and other governments in jurisdictions in which we operate have imposed sanctions and export controls against Russia, Belarus and interests therein and threatened additional sanctions and controls. The impact of these measures, now and in the future, along with further escalation of the conflict could adversely affect our business, supply chain or customers.
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Raw Materials and Input Costs
Our U.S. and Mexico segments use corn and soybean meal as the main ingredients for feed production, while our U.K. and Europe segment uses wheat, soybean meal and barley as the main ingredients for feed production.
During 2023, the global price of corn and wheat, measured at U.S. dollars per metric ton, both decreased about 30% per the International Monetary Fund as reported by the St. Louis Fed research center. The U.S. experienced dryer weather during the spring of 2023 that threatened corn supply, but the corn crop for the 2023/2024 growing season is confirmed to be at record production levels as prices trended down towards the end of 2023. Favorable weather conditions in Brazil during 2023 positively impacted global corn supply, while Argentina saw a severe drought which restricted their crop production for the year. Soybean prices began 2023 at higher levels, but came down during the second quarter and have remained stable throughout the remainder of the year.
During 2023, U.S. commodity market prices for chicken products trended in line with seasonal norms throughout the first half of the year, but at levels at or below the five-year historical average, before rebounding in the third quarter and trending in line with the historical average for the remainder of the year.
During the first half of 2023, industry production growth paired with higher levels of cold storage supply led to increased broiler availability. Additionally, although domestic demand grew in the first half, the increased demand pressure did not offset the incremental increase in supply keeping prices at our around seasonally expected levels despite a higher cost basis, which significantly impacted profitability in the commodity market-driven portion of our U.S. business. As a result, the U.S. chicken industry began reducing egg sets and chick placements as compared to prior year volumes beginning late in the second quarter and continued to be reduced throughout the second half of 2023.
The reduction in broiler production coincided with improved volume demand in both the foodservice and retail channels, enabling the industry to reduce cold storage inventories and reduce the impact of year-end seasonal inventory increases. The rebalancing of supply and demand drove positive price fluctuations as U.S. chicken market prices returned to the historical five-year average levels late into the third quarter of 2023 and followed expected seasonal pricing trends through the remainder of the year.
During 2023, the U.K. chicken market saw an increase in labor costs due to the national living wages change in April 2023. Through our current customer contracting models and additional negotiations we have offset the majority of these cost increases. Our utilities and feed ingredient costs continued to decrease throughout 2023 from the beginning of the year. We continue to focus on managing costs, including labor and yield efficiencies, agricultural performance and increasing operational efficiencies through investments in capital projects.
Commodity prices for chicken in Mexico ended 2023 below prior-year prices despite incremental increases throughout the year. Mexico grain prices were also below prior year levels.
U.K. market prices for pork products have followed an upward trend from 2022 but fell slightly during the fourth quarter of 2023, reflecting pig shortages from a 20% reduction of the English sow herd during 2022. E.U. and U.K. pig producers downsized their sow herds during 2023 by about 5% due to various factors. Due to increased market pricing and stabilization of feed prices, U.K. pig farming became profitable in the second quarter of 2023 and remained profitable in the second half of 2023.
U.K. prices for prepared foods have remained at elevated levels from inflationary pressure, primarily from increased pork prices. We continue to focus on partnering with our Key Customers and increasing operational efficiency.
Sustainability
We believe sustainability involves continuously improving social responsibility, economic viability and environmental stewardship. We are committed to helping society meet the global challenge of feeding a growing population in a responsible matter.
Environmental Stewardship. We were the first major meat and poultry company in the world to set a net zero greenhouse gas emissions target by 2040, demonstrating our leadership and dedication to improving the efficiency of our operations and supporting producers to reduce our environmental footprint. In support of this initiative, in April 2021, we issued $1.0 billion of sustainability-linked bonds, which require us to reduce our Scope 1 and 2 global greenhouse gas emissions intensity by 30% by 2030.
Social Responsibility. Safety of our team members is a condition at Pilgrim’s. The health of our workforce was our top priority throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, and we implemented hundreds of safety measures within our facilities, constantly
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evolving our operations as needed. To support the communities where our team members live and work, we invested more than $20 million in local projects focused on alleviating food insecurity, strengthening long-term community infrastructure and well-being, and aiding COVID-19 emergency response and relief efforts through our Hometown Strong initiative. Finally, ensuring the well-being of animals under our care is an uncompromising commitment at Pilgrim’s. We continually strive to improve our welfare efforts through the use of new technologies and the implementation of standards that meet and exceed regulatory requirements and industry guidelines.
Governance. To cultivate discipline and drive accountability for Sustainability related matters, we use our annual budgeting process to establish strategies, plans, and risk mitigation tactics. This process is further reinforced by a series of key performance indicators to evaluate and monitor progress. These performance indicators are linked with compensation for both senior executive and plant level personnel. As part of our business management processes, progress against these metrics is reviewed at least monthly and evaluated by external agencies to assess progress against industry peers. In addition, the Board of Directors formed a Sustainability Committee to provide oversight and counsel on strategies, policies, and investments to reduce the impact of climate change.
Reportable Segments
We operate in three reportable segments: the U.S., the U.K. and Europe, and Mexico. We measure segment profit as operating income. Certain corporate expenses are allocated to the Mexico and U.K. and Europe reportable segments based upon various apportionment methods for specific expenditures incurred related thereto with the remaining amounts allocated to the U.S. For additional information, see “Note 20. Reportable Segments” of our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this annual report.
Results of Operations
2023 Compared to 2022
Net sales. Net sales for 2023 decreased $106.2 million, or 0.6%, from $17.5 billion generated in 2022 to $17.4 billion generated in 2023. The following table provides additional information regarding net sales:
 Change from 2022
Sources of net sales2023AmountPercent
 (In thousands, except percent data)
U.S.$10,027,742 $(720,608)(6.7)%
U.K. and Europe5,203,322 328,584 6.7 %
Mexico2,131,153 285,864 15.5 %
Total net sales$17,362,217 $(106,160)(0.6)%
U.S. Reportable Segment. U.S. net sales generated in 2023 decreased $720.6 million, or 6.7%, from U.S. net sales generated in 2022 primarily because of a decrease in net sales per pound, contributing $1.2 billion, or 10.9 percentage points, to the decrease in net sales. This decrease in net sales per pound was partially offset by an increase in sales volume of $453.3 million, or 4.2 percentage points. The decrease in net sales per pound was driven by lower commodity market pricing for fresh chicken products as compared to prior year. The increase in sales volume was driven primarily by an increase in pounds sold in our fresh products divisions.
U.K. and Europe Reportable Segment. U.K. and Europe sales generated in 2023 increased $328.6 million, or 6.7%, from sales generated in 2022 primarily from an increase in net sales per pound and the favorable impact of foreign currency translation of $397.3 million, or 8.2 percentage points, and $33.5 million, or 0.7 percentage points, respectively. The increase in net sales per pound was driven by price increases necessary to recover increased feed ingredients, labor, utilities and other operating costs. The increases in net sales per pound and favorable impact of foreign currency translation were partially offset by a decrease in sales volume of $102.3 million, or 2.1 percentage points.
Mexico Reportable Segment. Mexico sales generated in 2023 increased $285.9 million, or 15.5%, from sales generated in 2022 primarily because of the favorable impact of foreign currency remeasurement and an increase in sales volume, partially offset by a decrease in net sales price per pound. The favorable impact of foreign currency remeasurement and increase in sales volume contributed $249.0 million, or 13.5 percentage points, and $86.2 million, or 4.7 percentage points, respectively, to the increase in net sales. The favorable impact of foreign currency remeasurement was due to a strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar. The sales volume across all lines of business increased during 2023 due to market demand. Partially offsetting these increases in net sales was a decrease in net sales price per pound of $49.3 million, or 2.7 percentage points.
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Gross profit. Gross profit decreased by $693.4 million, or 38.3%, from $1.8 billion generated in 2022 to $1.1 billion generated in 2023. The following tables provide gross profit information:
 Change from 2022Percent of Net Sales
Components of gross profit2023AmountPercent20232022
 (In thousands, except percent data)
Net sales$17,362,217 $(106,160)(0.6)%100.0 %100.0 %
Cost of sales16,243,816 587,242 3.8 %93.6 %89.6 %
Gross profit$1,118,401 $(693,402)(38.3)%6.4 %10.4 %
Sources of gross profit2023Change from 2022
AmountPercent
 (In thousands, except percent data)
U.S.$522,484 $(913,421)(63.6)%
U.K. and Europe374,699 134,027 55.7 %
Mexico221,432 86,260 63.8 %
Elimination(a)
(214)(268)(496.3)%
Total gross profit$1,118,401 $(693,402)(38.3)%
Sources of cost of sales2023Change from 2022
AmountPercent
 (In thousands, except percent data)
U.S.$9,505,258 $192,813 2.1 %
U.K. and Europe4,828,623 194,557 4.2 %
Mexico1,909,721 199,604 11.7 %
Elimination(a)
214 268 (496.3)%
Total cost of sales$16,243,816 $587,242 3.8 %
(a)Our Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of our company and our majority owned subsidiaries. We eliminate all significant affiliate accounts and transactions upon consolidation.
U.S. Reportable Segment. Cost of sales incurred by our U.S. operations in 2023 increased $192.8 million, or 2.1%, from cost of sales incurred by our U.S. operations in 2022. Cost of sales increased primarily because of increased sales volume of $392.9 million, or 4.2 percentage points, partially offset by a decrease in cost per pound sold of $203.9 million, or 2.2 percentage points. The increase in our sales volume was primarily driven by our fresh products divisions. Other factors affecting U.S. cost of sales were individually immaterial.
U.K. and Europe Reportable Segment. Cost of sales incurred by the U.K. and Europe operations during 2023 increased $194.6 million, or 4.2%, from cost of sales incurred by the U.K. and Europe operations during 2022 primarily because of increases in cost per pound sold and the unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation of $257.6 million, or 5.6 percentage points, and $31.1 million, or 0.7 percentage points, respectively. The increase in cost per pound was driven by increased feed ingredients, labor, utilities and other operating costs. Partially offsetting these increases was the impact of a decrease in sales volume of $94.1 million, or 2.1 percentage points. Other factors affecting cost of sales were individually immaterial.
Mexico Reportable Segment. Cost of sales incurred by the Mexico operations during 2023 increased $199.6 million, or 11.7%, from cost of sales incurred by the Mexico operations during 2022 primarily because of the unfavorable impact of foreign currency remeasurement and an increase in sales volume which contributed $223.1 million, or 13.0 percentage points, and $79.9 million, or 4.7 percentage points, to the increase in cost of sales, respectively. The unfavorable impact of foreign currency remeasurement was due to a strengthening of the Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar. The sales volume across all lines of business increased during 2023 due to market demand. Partially offsetting these increases in cost of sales was a decrease in the cost per pound sold of $103.4 million, or 6.0 percentage points. Other factors affecting cost of sales were individually immaterial.
Operating income. Operating income decreased $654.3 million, or 55.6%, from $1,176.6 million generated for 2022 to $522.3 million generated for 2023. The following tables provide operating income information:
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  Change from 2022Percent of Net Sales
Components of operating income2023AmountPercent20232022
 (In thousands, except percent data)
Gross profit$1,118,401 $(693,402)(38.3)%6.4 %10.4 %
SG&A expenses551,770 (52,972)(8.8)%3.2 %3.5 %
Restructuring activities44,345 13,879 45.6 %0.3 %0.2 %
Operating income$522,286 $(654,309)(55.6)%3.0 %6.7 %
  Change from 2022
Sources of operating income2023AmountPercent
 (In thousands, except percent data)
U.S.$238,894 $(855,131)(78.2)%
U.K. and Europe128,151 129,085 
NM(b)
Mexico155,455 72,005 86.3 %
Eliminations(a)
(214)(268)(496.3)%
Total operating income$522,286 $(654,309)(55.6)%
Sources of SG&A expenses (defined below)2023Change from 2022
AmountPercent
 (In thousands, except percent data)
U.S.$283,590 $(58,290)(17.0)%
U.K. and Europe202,203 (8,937)(4.2)%
Mexico65,977 14,255 27.6 %
Total SG&A expense$551,770 $(52,972)(8.8)%
Sources of restructuring activities charges2023Change from 2022
AmountPercent
 (In thousands, except percent data)
U.K. and Europe$44,345 $13,879 45.6 %
(a)Our Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of our company and our majority owned subsidiaries. We eliminate all significant affiliate accounts and transactions upon consolidation.
(b)This Y/Y change is designated not meaningful (or “NM”).
U.S. Reportable Segment. Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense incurred by the U.S. operations during 2023 decreased $58.3 million, or 17.0%, from SG&A expense incurred by the U.S. operations during 2022 primarily from decreases in legal defense costs, incentive compensation costs, and employee relation costs. Other factors affecting SG&A expense were individually immaterial.
U.K. and Europe Reportable Segment. SG&A expense incurred by the U.K. and Europe operations during 2023 decreased $8.9 million, or 4.2%, from SG&A expense incurred by the U.K. and Europe operations during 2022 primarily due to decreased labor and employee-related costs, decreased advertising costs, and the unfavorable impact of foreign currency translation. Other factors affecting SG&A expense were individually immaterial.
Mexico Reportable Segment. SG&A expense incurred by the Mexico operations during 2023 increased $14.3 million, or 27.6%, from SG&A expense incurred by the Mexico operations during 2022. SG&A expense increased primarily from increased payroll and employee-related costs due to labor reform law changes and the unfavorable impact of foreign currency remeasurement. Other factors affecting SG&A expense were individually immaterial.
Interest expense. Consolidated interest expense increased 16.0% to $166.6 million in 2023 from $143.6 million in 2022, primarily from an increase of $34.3 million in interest expense on outstanding borrowings and a loss on early extinguishment of debt recognized as a component of interest expense of $20.7 million, partially offset by an increase in interest income of $26.6 million. As a percent of net sales, interest expense in 2023 and 2022 was 1.0% and 0.8%, respectively.
Income taxes. Our consolidated income tax expense in 2023 was $42.9 million, compared to income tax expense of $278.9 million in 2022. The decrease in income tax expense in 2023 resulted from a decrease in pre-tax income during 2023.
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2022 Compared to 2021
For discussion of 2022 results of operations in comparison to 2021 results of operations, see Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Part II of the 2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on February 9, 2023.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our principal sources of liquidity are cash generated from operations, funds from borrowings, and existing cash on hand. The following table presents our available sources of liquidity as of December 31, 2023:
Sources of LiquidityFacility
Amount
Amount
Outstanding
Available
 (In millions)
Cash and cash equivalents$731.2 
Borrowing arrangements:
U.S. Revolving Syndicated Facility(a)
$850.0 $— 824.9 
Mexico BBVA Credit Facility(b)
65.4 — 65.4 
U.K. and Europe Revolver Facility(c)
191.1 — 191.1 
(a)Availability under the U.S. Revolving Syndicated Facility is also reduced by our outstanding standby letters of credit. Standby letters of credit outstanding at December 31, 2023 totaled $25.1 million.
(b)As of December 31, 2023, the U.S. dollar-equivalent of the amount available under the Mexico BBVA Credit Facility was $65.4 million ($1.1 billion Mexican pesos).
(c)As of December 31, 2023, the U.S. dollar-equivalent of the amount available under the U.K. and Europe Revolver Facility was $191.1 million (£150.0 million).
On October 12, 2023, we completed a sale of $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of unsecured, registered, senior notes due 2034 (“Senior Notes due 2034”). The issuance price of this offering to the public was 98.041%, which created gross proceeds of $490.2 million before transaction costs. We used the net proceeds from the offering of the Senior Notes due 2034, together with cash on hand, to purchase for cash the Senior Notes due 2027 through a tender offer and subsequent redemption of remaining outstanding notes. As of October 12, 2023, $812.8 million principal amount of the Senior Notes due 2027 had been validly tendered and purchased by us. The remaining outstanding Senior Notes due 2027 were purchased by us on October 16, 2023.
On April 19, 2023, we completed a sale of $1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of its 6.25% unsecured, registered senior notes due 2033 (“Senior Notes due 2033”). We used the net proceeds to repay the term loans and the outstanding balance under the 2021 U.S. Credit Facility. The issuance price of this offering to the public was 99.312%, which created gross proceeds of $993.1 million before transaction costs.
On October 4, 2023, we entered into a Revolving Syndicated Facility Agreement with CoBank, ACB as administrative agent (the “RCF”). This facility replaced the Fifth Amended and Restated U.S. Credit Facility that was executed in 2021. The RCF increased our availability under the revolving loan commitment from $800.0 million to $850.0 million and extended the maturity date from August 2026 to October 2028.
On August 15, 2023, we entered into an unsecured credit agreement (the “Mexico BBVA Credit Facility”) with BBVA México as lender. The loan commitment under the Mexico BBVA Credit Facility is Mex$1.1 billion and can be borrowed on a revolving basis. Outstanding borrowings under the Mexico BBVA Credit Facility accrue interest at a rate equal to TIIE plus 1.35%. The Mexico BBVA Credit Facility will be used for general corporate and working capital purposes. The Mexico BBVA Credit Facility will mature on August 15, 2026.
We expect cash flows from operations, combined with availability under our credit facilities, to provide sufficient liquidity to fund current obligations, projected working capital requirements, maturities of long-term debt and capital spending for at least the next twelve months.
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Historical Flow of Funds
Year Ended
Cash Flows from Operating ActivitiesDecember 31, 2023December 25, 2022
 (In millions)
Net income$322.3 $746.5 
Net noncash expenses462.4 422.6 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Trade accounts and other receivables(19.0)(149.6)
Inventories12.6 (472.2)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets17.8 18.3 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(68.7)263.3 
Income taxes(8.9)(142.5)
Long-term pension and other postretirement obligations(10.0)(4.1)
Other operating assets and liabilities(30.7)(12.3)
Cash provided by operating activities$677.9 $669.9 
Net Noncash Expenses
Items necessary to reconcile from net income to cash flow provided by operating activities included net noncash expenses of $462.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2023. Net noncash expense items included $419.9 million of depreciation and amortization, loss on early extinguishment of debt recognized as a component of interest expense of $20.7 million, loan cost amortization of $7.4 million, stock-based compensation expense of $7.2 million, deferred income tax expense of $6.7 million, asset impairment of $4.0 million, and accretion of bond discount of $2.3 million. Partially offsetting the net noncash expenses was an $6.1 million gain on property disposals. Other items affecting net noncash expenses were individually immaterial.
Items necessary to reconcile from net income to cash flow provided by operating activities included net noncash expenses of $422.6 million for the year ended December 25, 2022. Net noncash expense items included $403.1 million of depreciation and amortization, $21.3 million of deferred income tax expense, $7.0 million of stock-based compensation expense, loan cost amortization of $4.8 million, asset impairment of $3.6 million and accretion of bond discount of $1.7 million. Partially offsetting the net noncash expenses was an $18.9 million gain on property disposals. Other items affecting net noncash expenses were individually immaterial.
Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities
The change in trade accounts and other receivables, including accounts receivable from related parties, represented a $19.0 million use of cash in 2023. The change in cash was primarily due to the timing of customer payments. The change in trade accounts and other receivables, including accounts receivable from related parties, represented a $149.6 million use of cash in 2022. The change in cash was primarily due to the timing of customer payments.
The change in inventories represented a $12.6 million source of cash in 2023. The change in cash resulted from an decrease in our raw materials and work-in-process inventory values. The change in inventories represented a $472.2 million use of cash in 2022. The change in cash resulted from an increase in our raw materials and work-in-process inventory values due to higher input costs.
The change in prepaid expenses and other current assets represented a $17.8 million source of cash in 2023. This change resulted primarily from a net decrease in the commodity derivatives assets. The change in prepaid expenses and other current assets represented a $18.3 million source of cash in 2022. This change resulted primarily from a net decrease in value-added tax receivables and prepaid property insurance.
Accounts payable and accrued expenses, including accounts payable to related parties, represented a $68.7 million use of cash in 2023. This change resulted primarily from the timing of payments. Accounts payable and accrued expenses, including accounts payable to related parties, represented a $263.3 million source of cash in 2022. This change resulted primarily from the timing of payments as well as increased prices for feed ingredients, transportation and packaging materials.
The change in income taxes, which includes income taxes receivables, income taxes payable, deferred tax assets, deferred tax liabilities, reserves for uncertain tax positions and the tax components within accumulated other comprehensive
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loss, represented a $8.9 million use of cash in 2023. This change resulted primarily from the timing of estimated tax payments and lower profitability in 2023. The change in income taxes, which includes income taxes receivables, income taxes payable, deferred tax assets, deferred tax liabilities, reserves for uncertain tax positions and the tax components within accumulated other comprehensive loss, represented a $142.5 million use of cash in 2022. This change resulted primarily from the timing of estimated tax payments and higher profitability in 2022.
Year Ended
Cash Flows from Investing ActivitiesDecember 31, 2023December 25, 2022
 (In millions)
Acquisitions of property, plant and equipment$(543.8)$(487.1)
Proceeds from insurance recoveries20.7 16.0 
Proceeds from property disposals19.8 35.5 
Purchase of acquired businesses, net of cash acquired— (9.7)
Cash used in investing activities$(503.4)$(445.3)
Capital expenditures were incurred for growth projects, such as the Athens, GA expansion and the South Georgia protein conversion plant, and to improve operational efficiencies, system enhancement projects, and to reduce costs for the years ended December 31, 2023 and December 25, 2022. Proceeds from insurance recoveries reflects cash received on property insurance recoveries related to the Mayfield, Kentucky tornado that occurred in December 2021. Proceeds from property disposals were primarily for the sale of a farm in Mexico and other miscellaneous equipment.
Year Ended
Cash Flows from Financing ActivitiesDecember 31, 2023December 25, 2022
 (In millions)
Proceeds from revolving line of credit and long-term borrowings$1,768.2 $362.5 
Payments on revolving line of credit, long-term borrowings, and finance lease obligations(1,616.3)(388.3)
Payment of capitalized loan costs(19.8)(4.7)
Payment on early extinguishment of debt(13.8)— 
Distribution of equity under Tax Sharing Agreement between JBS USA Food Company Holdings and Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation(1.6)(2.0)
Purchase of common stock under share repurchase program— (199.6)
Cash provided by (used in) financing activities$116.7 $(232.0)
Proceeds from revolving line of credit and long-term borrowings are primarily from the offerings of our 2033 and 2034 Senior Notes, as well as borrowings on our 2021 U.S. Credit Facility and our U.K. and Europe Revolver Facility. Payments on revolving line of credit, long-term borrowings, and finance lease obligations are primarily due to the paydown of our term loans and revolving notes on our 2021 U.S. Credit Facility, the completed tender offer of our 2027 Senior Notes, and repayment of borrowings on our U.K. and Europe Revolver Facility. The payment of capitalized loan costs relates to the offering of 2033 and 2034 Senior Notes and the execution of the U.S. Revolving Syndicated credit facility in 2023. The payment on early extinguishment of debt primarily relates to the tender-offer payment of the 2027 Senior Notes. The distribution of equity under the Tax Sharing Agreement is the 2022 distribution of equity that was paid in the first quarter of 2023.
Long-Term Debt and Other Borrowing Arrangements
Our long-term debt and other borrowing arrangements consist of senior notes, revolving credit facilities and other term loan agreements. For a description, refer to Part II, Item 8, Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, “Note 13. Debt.”
Obligor Group Summarized Financial Information
All of the senior unsecured registered notes (collectively, the “Pilgrim’s Senior Notes”) issued by Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation prior to December 31, 2023 are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation of West Virginia Inc., JFC LLC, Gold’n Plump Farms LLC and Gold’n Plump Poultry LLC (the “Subsidiary Guarantors”). See “Note 13. Debt” of our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this annual report for additional descriptions of these guarantees.
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The following tables present summarized financial information for Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation parent company only (as issuer of the Pilgrim’s Senior Notes) and the Subsidiary Guarantors (together, the “Obligor Group”), on a combined basis after the elimination of all intercompany balances and transactions between Pilgrim’s Pride Corporation parent company only and the Subsidiary Guarantors and investments in any non-obligated subsidiary.
Summarized Balance SheetsDecember 31, 2023December 25, 2022
(In millions)
Current assets$2,106 $1,983 
Current assets due from non-obligated subsidiaries(a)
192 170 
Current assets due from related parties(b)
— 
Noncurrent assets2,063 1,945 
Current liabilities1,384 1,402 
Current liabilities due to non-obligated subsidiaries(a)
325 253 
Current liabilities due to related parties(b)
32 
Noncurrent liabilities3,578 3,459 
(a)    Represents receivables and short-term lending due from and payables and short-term lending due to non-obligated subsidiaries.
(b)    Represents receivables due from and payables due to JBS affiliates.
Summarized Income StatementsYear Ended December 31, 2023
(In millions)
Net sales$10,104 
Gross profit(a)
533 
Operating income293 
Net income49 
Net income attributable to Obligor Group49 
(a)     For the year ended December 31, 2023, the Obligor Group recognized $195.0 million of net sales to the non-obligated subsidiaries and no purchases from the non-obligated subsidiaries.
Capital Expenditures
We anticipate spending between $475 million and $525 million on the acquisition of property, plant and equipment in 2024. Capital expenditures will primarily be incurred to grow our operations, improve efficiencies, to reduce costs, and for system enhancement projects. We expect to fund these capital expenditures with cash flow from operations.
Contractual Obligations
In addition to our debt commitments at December 31, 2023, we had other commitments and contractual obligations that require us to make specified payments in the future. The following table summarizes the total amounts due as of December 31, 2023 under all debt agreements, commitments and other contractual obligations. The table indicates the years in which payments are due under the contractual obligations.
 Payments Due By Period
Contractual Obligations
TotalLess than
One Year
One to
Three Years
Three to
Five Years
Greater than
Five Years
 (In thousands)
Long-term debt(a)
$3,400,000 $— $— $— $3,400,000 
Interest(b)
1,572,567 171,005 341,750 341,750 718,062 
Finance leases2,628 742 1,141 745 — 
Operating leases305,430 77,745 109,010 62,816 55,859 
Derivative liabilities17,841 17,841 — — — 
Purchase obligations(c)
457,392 414,546 28,445 3,691 10,710 
Total$5,755,858 $681,879 $480,346 $409,002 $4,184,631 
(a)Long-term debt is presented at face value and excludes $25.1 million in letters of credit outstanding related to normal business transactions.
(b)Interest expense in the table above assumes the continuation of interest rates and outstanding borrowings as of December 31, 2023.
(c)Includes agreements to purchase goods or services that are enforceable and legally binding on us and that specify all significant terms, including fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased; fixed, minimum, or variable price provisions; and the approximate timing of the transaction.
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We expect cash flows from operations, combined with availability under the U.S. Revolving Syndicated Facility, the Mexico BBVA Credit Facility and the U.K. and Europe Revolver Facility to provide sufficient liquidity to fund current obligations, projected working capital requirements, maturities of long-term debt and capital spending for at least the next twelve months.
Pillar II Tax Initiative
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (“OECD”) is an international organization made up of 38 member countries that work on establishing international standards seeking solutions to a series of social, economic, and environmental challenges, from improving economic performance, creating jobs to promoting solid education and combating international tax avoidance.
Regarding the fight against tax avoidance, the Base Erosion Profit Shifting (“BEPS”) project was created in 2013, which is an initiative of the G20 (Group of twenty countries with the largest economies) together with the OECD, aimed at implementing 15 measures to combat tax avoidance, improve the coherence of international tax rules, and ensure a more transparent tax environment on the international stage and to avoid the abuse of tax norms that result in erosion of the tax base, mainly through profit shifting to destinations with more favorable taxation or no taxation.
Pillar II is part of one of OECD's most recent initiatives, known as BEPS 2.0, is intended to address tax issues related to changes in business models in a globalized environment. The goal of Pillar II is to create a global minimum taxation system for multinational companies with an annual global turnover exceeding EUR 750 million, aiming to implement a balance in the global income tax collection of these companies, which may consist of additional taxation for economic groups. In short, this additional taxation aims to ensure the payment of a minimum effective global rate of 15%, per jurisdiction, where the multinational group operates.
Starting in 2024, Pillar II rules come into effect in various countries, impacting several multinationals and their subsidiaries groups operating in these jurisdictions. During the initial three years, transition rules (Safe Harbor) simplify the calculations of the effective rate per jurisdiction, enabling adaptation to the affected multinational groups.
Although the implementation of Pillar II offers uncertainties in the US legal system, the Company and its subsidiaries are monitoring the potential impacts that this new rule may bring to the Group.
During 2023, the Company conducted Safe Harbor analysis using 2022 financial data for the jurisdictions where the Company operates. The results of this preliminary analysis indicate that some countries within the Group may be subject to the additional payment of income tax under the rules of Pillar II. However, the percentage of additional payment cannot be accurately estimated as of the time the issuance of these Financial Statements, particularly due to the fact that the impact of Pillar 2 will be based on 2024 results, which cannot yet be known.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Part II, Item 8, Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, “Note 1. Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.”
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
General. Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, inventory, goodwill and other intangible assets, litigation and income taxes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements.
Revenue Recognition. The vast majority of our revenue is derived from contracts which are based upon a customer ordering our products. While there may be master agreements, the contract is only established when the customer’s order is accepted by us. We account for a contract, which may be verbal or written, when it is approved and committed by both parties, the rights of the parties are identified along with payment terms, the contract has commercial substance and collectability is probable.
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We evaluate the transaction for distinct performance obligations, which are the sale of our products to customers. Since our products are commodity market-priced, the sales price is representative of the observable, standalone selling price. Each performance obligation is recognized based upon a pattern of recognition that reflects the transfer of control to the customer at a point in time, which is upon destination (customer location or port of destination) and depicts the transfer of control and recognition of revenue. There are instances of customer pick-up at our facilities, in which case control transfers to the customer at that point and we recognize revenue. Our performance obligations are typically fulfilled within days to weeks of the acceptance of the order.
We make judgments regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from revenue and cash flows with customers. Determination of a contract requires evaluation and judgment along with the estimation of the total contract value and if any of the contract value is constrained. Due to the nature of our business, there is minimal variable consideration, as the contract is established at the acceptance of the order from the customer. When applicable, variable consideration is estimated at contract inception and updated on a regular basis until the contract is completed. Allocating the transaction price to a specific performance obligation based upon the relative standalone selling prices includes estimating the standalone selling prices including discounts and variable consideration.
Inventories. Live chicken and pig inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value and breeder hen, breeder sow and boar inventories at the lower of cost, less accumulated amortization, or net realizable value. The costs associated with breeder hen inventories are accumulated up to the production stage and amortized over their productive lives using the unit-of-production method. The costs associated with breeder sow inventories are accumulated up to the production stage and amortized on a straight-line basis over their productive lives to the estimated residual cull value. The costs associated with finished poultry products, finished pork products, feed, eggs and other inventories are stated at the lower of cost (average) or net realizable value. Inventory typically transfers from one stage of production to another at a standard cost, where it accumulates additional cost directly incurred with the production of inventory, including overhead. The standard cost at which each type of inventory transfers is set by management to reflect the actual costs incurred in the prior steps. We monitor and adjust standard costs throughout the year to ensure that standard costs reasonably reflect the actual average cost of the inventory produced.
We allocate meat costs between our various finished chicken products based on a by-product costing technique that reduces the cost of the whole bird by estimated yields and amounts to be recovered for certain by-product parts. This primarily includes leg quarters, wings, tenders and offal, which are carried in inventory at the estimated recovery amounts, with the remaining amount being reflected as our breast meat cost. We allocate meat costs between our various finished pork products based on a by-product costing technique that allocates the cost of the whole pig into the primal cuts by estimated yields and amounts to be recovered for certain by-product parts. This primarily includes legs, shoulders, bellies, offal and fifth quarter parts, which are carried in inventory at the estimated recoverable amounts, with the remaining amount being reflected as our loin meat cost.
For our prepared foods inventories, raw materials and packaging materials are valued at the lower of weighted average cost and net realizable value, work in progress is valued at the latest production cost (raw materials, packaging), finished goods are valued at the lower of the latest actual monthly production cost (raw materials, packaging and direct labor) and attributable overheads and net realizable value, and engineering spares and consumables are valued at cost with an appropriate provision for obsolete engineering spares consistent with historical practice.
Generally, we perform an evaluation of whether any lower of cost or net realizable value adjustments are required at the country level based on a number of factors, including: (1) pools of related inventory, (2) product continuation or discontinuation, (3) estimated market selling prices and (4) expected distribution channels. If actual market conditions or other factors are less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory adjustments may be required. We also record valuation adjustments, when necessary, for estimated obsolescence at or equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and the estimated market value based upon known conditions affecting inventory obsolescence, including significantly aged products, discontinued product lines, or damaged or obsolete products.
Goodwill and Other Intangibles, net. Goodwill represents the excess of the aggregate purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired in a business combination. Identified intangible assets represent trade names and customer relationships arising from acquisitions that are recorded at fair value as of the date acquired less accumulated amortization, if any. We use various market valuation techniques to determine the fair value of our identified intangible assets.
Goodwill is not amortized but is tested for impairment on an annual basis in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year or more frequently if impairment indicators arise. For goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized for any excess of the carrying amount of a reporting unit’s goodwill over the implied fair value of that goodwill. Management first reviews relevant qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not (that is, a likelihood of more than 50 percent), that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the unit’s carrying amount (including goodwill). If management determines it is more
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likely than not that the carrying amount of a reporting unit goodwill might be impaired, a quantitative impairment test is performed. Management has the option to bypass the qualitative assessment for any reporting unit in any period and proceed directly to performing the quantitative impairment test. Management would be able to resume performing the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period. When performing quantitative impairment tests, we estimate the fair value of our reporting units with material goodwill carrying amounts using an income approach (discounted cash flow method). We develop projections for cash flows over a 5-year period based on assumptions about revenue growth and margin changes using internally-developed economic projections and industry data obtained from government authorities such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture and other sources. We also make terminal value assumptions about revenue growth and margin changes for periods beyond the projection period. We utilize margin assumptions based on operating performance expectations, margins historically realized in the reporting units’ industries, and general macroeconomic trends. We utilize the weighted average cost of capital as a proxy for the discount rate. We consider reporting units that have 20% or less excess fair value over carrying amount to have a heightened risk of future goodwill impairment.
In 2022 and 2021, we reviewed relevant qualitative factors and determined that no indicators of goodwill impairment existed for our Moy Park, Pilgrim’s Food Masters, Pilgrim’s Mexico, and Pilgrim’s U.S. reporting units. Our Pilgrim’s U.K. reporting unit reported goodwill of $2.1 million and $1.8 million at December 25, 2022 and December 26, 2021, respectively. These amounts were considered immaterial to warrant quantitative goodwill impairment testing. In 2023, we experienced (1) an increase in long-term treasury rates that management determined could negatively affect discount rates and (2) continued inflationary pressures impacting primarily our Moy Park and Pilgrim’s Food Masters reporting units that management determined could negatively affect our margins. Both discount rates and margins are used in estimating the fair value of the reporting units. Therefore, management elected to bypass qualitative assessments and performed quantitative goodwill impairment tests for the Moy Park, Pilgrim’s Food Masters, Pilgrim’s Mexico, and Pilgrim’s U.S. reporting units as of December 31, 2023. Our Pilgrim’s U.K. reporting unit reported goodwill of $2.3 million at December 31, 2023. This amount was considered immaterial to warrant quantitative goodwill impairment testing.
Our Moy Park reporting unit had goodwill of $784.8 million at December 31, 2023. In estimating the reporting unit’s fair value, we generally assumed revenue growth would normalize to slightly below the weighted average long-term inflation rate for the countries in which the reporting unit operates. We also assumed margins in future years would increase through the projection period as the reporting unit continues to remove costs from operations through rationalization projects then normalize in the long-term as we believe this is consistent with market participant views in an exit transaction. The current year results are not indicative of future market participant expectations in an exit transaction primarily due to current challenging market conditions associated with continued inflationary pressures in the countries in which the Moy Park reporting unit operates. Based on the outcome of the quantitative test, management determined that no goodwill impairment existed in the Moy Park reporting unit as of December 31, 2023; however, the Moy Park reporting unit does have a heightened risk of future goodwill impairment as the excess fair value over carrying amount of the reporting unit was less than 20%. An increase in the discount rate of 25-50 basis points or a reduction in estimated long-term margins by 75-100 basis points across all future projected years, with all other assumptions unchanged, would have caused the carrying value of this reporting unit to exceed its fair value, which may have resulted in material goodwill impairment loss.
Our Pilgrim’s Food Masters, Pilgrim’s Mexico and Pilgrim’s U.S. reporting units had goodwill of $329.4 million, $127.8 million and $41.9 million, respectively, at December 31, 2023. In estimating the reporting units’ fair value, we generally assumed revenue growth would normalize to the approximate weighted average long-term inflation rate for the U.K., Ireland, Mexico and the U.S., respectively. We also assumed margins in future years would normalize over time as we believe this is consistent with market participant views in an exit transaction. The current year results, as well as the first year of projected results, are not indicative of future market participant expectations in an exit transaction as product price increases have lagged behind increased input costs that resulted from inflationary pressures experienced in the U.K., Ireland, Mexico and the U.S. during 2022 and early 2023. Based on the outcome of the quantitative tests, management determined that no goodwill impairment existed in the Pilgrim’s Food Masters, Pilgrim’s Mexico, or Pilgrim’s U.S. reporting units as of December 31, 2023, and the reporting units do not have a heightened risk of future goodwill impairment as the excess fair value over carrying amount of each reporting unit exceeded 20%.
Other intangible assets with indefinite lives are not amortized but are tested for impairment on an annual basis in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year or more frequen